How does Rhodiola (rose root) work against stress and overload?

The medicinal plant Rhodiola (rose root) contains active ingredients that can help against stress, burnout and symptoms of congestion. In Germany, preparations with rose root have only recently become more popular, in northern Europe, the native region of the plant, they have been known for some time.

What is rhodiola or rhodiola?

The rose root contains so-called adaptogens (the word derives from the English word "to adapt", which translates as "conforming"). These are phytochemicals that help us - both physically and mentally - to be able to adapt better to stressful situations. At the same time the rhizomes are said to have stimulating properties. So if you are looking for a remedy that will give you energy boost in exhausting periods, exhaustion and fatigue, and at the same time provide the necessary serenity, then rose root could be just the thing for you.

Mode of action of Rhodiola

How does the rose root do that? That's not clear down to the last detail. But a lot is known: On the one hand, there are substances in the plant that help to keep stress hormones such as cortisol at the right level. On the other hand, rose rootworm mobilizes the body's own energy sources, so that the resistance forces revive. The focus here is adenosine triphosphate, ATP for short. The cells need plenty of it to do their job.

Rose root thus improves the stress processing twice:

  • more serenity in stressful phases by regulating the stress hormone level
  • more energy from fatigue and fatigue by activation of the body's own energy sources

Apart from that, it seems that rootwort causes more "happiness hormones" to be released. And: The remedy may have similar effects to certain anti-depressants, the so-called MAO inhibitors.

Rhodiola: Effect demonstrated in many studies

This is not just gray theory. Several studies have confirmed that rosacea has positive effects on physical and mental performance as well as on some mental illnesses. Let's take a look at this as an example.

In one survey, the subjects were young, healthy physicians who tested the effect of rosacea on fatigue during night shifts. For example, short-term memory and the ability to concentrate were tested and evaluated before and after night service. Participants who received a Rhodiola extract scored significantly better than the subjects in the placebo group. According to the researchers, the results show that rose root can reduce fatigue in stressful situations.

Stress symptoms diminish

Another study was on adult women who claimed to feel stressed for a prolonged period and to be under psychological stress. This time, only a single dose of a rosacea extract or a dummy medicine was administered. Two hours later, the study leaders tested how quickly, attentively and exactly the women did certain tasks. And again, there were positive results in the rose root group. The subjects made fewer mistakes and were more careful.

Exciting is a survey with people who were in a stressful situation because of a life-threatening illness. They received 200 mg of a Rhodiola extract twice a day for four weeks. In total, there were about 100 participants. The stress symptoms decreased significantly. However, there was no control group here - so no comparison with people who had only received a dummy drug.

European Medicines Agency cautiously optimistic

While the European Medicines Agency is calling for more, larger studies, it considers the rosea as an effective means to reduce stress, weakness and fatigue. Thus, the rose root also receives official recognition. In an article in the German Medical Weekly of 2017 Rhodiola is also mentioned as a possible means to relieve a chronic fatigue in the course of a cancer disease.

Rose root is considered safe and low side effects

The experts agree on adverse effects. With significant side effects is under rose root orRhodiola can not be expected. The agent was well tolerated in all studies. Nevertheless, women who are pregnant or breastfeeding, as well as children and adolescents should forego the phytochemical; simply because it has not been adequately tested for these "special" patient groups. Even with liver or kidney disease is rather discouraged by the means.

Plant substances are stuck in root and rhizome

Let's take a look at the plant itself: The root of the rose is usually about 20 cm tall, sometimes it is a few inches more. It grows mainly in Arctic regions and mountain regions - so where it is cold and rather uncomfortable, like in crevices and sea cliffs. For the remedy, the root and rhizome (more precisely, the rhizome) of the plant are used. Extracts obtained therefrom contain glycosides (e.g., rosavin, salidroside, tyrosol), flavonoids, terpenes, and tannins. Ultimately, it is probably the special combination that makes up the properties of the rose root.

Conclusion: rose root helps with stress and overload

In conclusion, it can be said that rose root is a well-tried and traditional remedy. In Russia, Scandinavia and the Baltic States, the plant has been used for a long time - especially to counteract stress, fatigue and congestion. And rightly so, as studies and tests show.

If you can not cope with the daily demands of your job and your private life, taking Rhodiola is in any case worth a try.

More information about Rhodiola can be found here.

Authors: Anna Brockdorff, Naturopath & Dr. med. med. Jörg Zorn

studies:

  • Amsterdam JD, Panossian AG: Rhodiola rosea L. as a putative botanical antidepressant. Phytomedicine. 2016 Jun 15; 23 (7): 770-83.
  • Aslanyan G et al .: Double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study of single-dose effects of ADAPT-232 on cognitive functions. Phytomedicine, 2010, 17 (7), 494-9.
  • Darbinyan V et al .: Rhodiola rosea in stress-induced fatigue - a double-blind study of a standardized SHR-5 with a repeated low-dose regimen on the mental performance of healthy physicians during night duty. Phytomedicine. 2000 Oct; 7 (5): 365-71.
  • Edwards D et al .: Therapeutic effects and safety of Rhodiola rosea extract WS® 1375 in subjects with life-stress symptoms - results of an open-label study. Phytother Res. 2012 Aug; 26 (8): 1220-5.
  • Hung SK et al .: The effectiveness and efficacy of Rhodiola rosea L: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. Phytomedicine. 2011 Feb 15; 18 (4): 235-44.
  • Olsson EM et al .: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study of the standardized extract of the roots of Rhodiola rosea in the treatment of subjects with stress-related fatigue. Planta Med. 2009 Feb; 75 (2): 105-12.