The most important questions and answers about thyroid

Thyroid - butterfly

What do the values ​​T3, T4 and TSH mean?

The individual blood values ​​T3, T4 and TSH provide information about the exact functioning of the thyroid gland. They are therefore particularly important parameters for the diagnosis of thyroid disease (hyperthyroidism and hypofunction).

Read more: What do the values ​​T3, T4 and TSH mean?

   

Why does hypothyroidism lead to weight gain?

The thyroid hormones T3 and T4 stimulate the metabolism in almost all body cells. They promote energy metabolism and boost fat burning. In hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones. Due to the lack of hormones, the metabolism works suddenly slower and runs, so to speak, only on "low flame".

Read more: Why does hypothyroidism lead to weight gain?

   

Can hair loss occur with hypothyroidism?

Yes, that is possible. Thyroid hormones affect almost all metabolic processes in the body and also have an effect on skin, nails and the growth of hair. Both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism can cause hair loss.

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Thyroid hypofunction: which symptoms are typical?

The first signs of hypothyroidism may be tiredness, listlessness and lack of concentration. Many patients feel powerless and weak and often suffer from memory and orientation problems.

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Can hypothyroidism become infertile?

Yes, hypothyroidism can lead to infertility. With its hormones T3 and T4, the thyroid regulates all hormonal processes in the body. It affects the entire metabolism and thus the fertility of the woman.

Read more: Can a hypothyroidism make us infertile?

   

Can I lose weight despite hypothyroidism?

Yes, under certain conditions. By taking medications and a healthy lifestyle, it is possible to lose weight despite hypothyroidism.

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Can hypothyroidism become dangerous?

Yes, if an underactive thyroid remains permanently untreated, it can cause considerable long-term damage. The lack of thyroid hormones puts our entire hormone balance out of control.

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Can a hypothyroid function disappear on its own?

Whether a thyroid function on its own goes away depends on the one hand on the cause, and on the other hand on the severity (latent or pronounced disorder) of the hypofunction.

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What causes thyroid hypofunction?

The following causes can trigger an underactive thyroid:

  • Hashimoto: By a chronic inflammation (such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis or Graves disease), in which the body's immune system attacks the thyroid tissue. One speaks therefore also of an autoimmune disease.

  • Read more: What causes thyroid hypofunction?

   

When do we speak of hypothyroidism?

Thyroid hypofunction (hypothyroidism) is when there is too little thyroid hormone in the blood. More specifically, blood thyroxine (fT4) is too low. In addition, occur in a hypothyroidism typical symptoms such as listlessness, fatigue, lack of concentration or constipation. In addition, a goiter (goiter) can form. In most cases, a reduced production of thyroid hormones by the thyroid gland is the cause. But also an iodine deficiency can cause a hypothyroidism.

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What is a goiter nodosa?

A goiter nodosa is an enlarged thyroid gland that is nodularly altered. "Struma" stands for the large thyroid, "nodosa" for the nodes.In examination findings one sometimes also reads further differentiations such as "uninodosa" (only one node) or "multinodosa" (several nodes).

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How can you avoid iodine deficiency?

One of the healthiest prevention measures for iodine deficiency and an enlarged thyroid is eating a lot of fish. Sea fish. Because it contains a lot of iodine. Another method is to use iodine salt instead of normal table salt.

Read more: How to avoid iodine deficiency

   

What is a goiter?

A goiter is an enlarged thyroid gland. So what you commonly - and little charming - Kropf calls. Such an enlargement of the thyroid gland may be relatively minor, so that only an experienced physician will detect it by palpation of the neck. But a goiter can also be so huge that you can recognize the neck that is too thick from a distance.

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Thyroid nodules: Which therapy works best?

A benign enlarged thyroid (the so-called "goiter") is best treated with a combination of iodine tablets and thyroid hormone. This is the result of a study by German specialist societies on more than 1,000 patients.

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What side effects can occur with thyroxine (thyroid hormone)?

The drug levothyroxine or L-thyroxine is usually well tolerated. This is no wonder, as the natural substance is an endogenous hormone that the body also produces itself.

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How does L-thyroxine work?

Levothyroxine or L-thyroxine (T4) is a hormone naturally produced in our thyroid gland. It is manufactured synthetically for use as a drug. Roughly simplified, one can say that the thyroid hormone boosts the energy metabolism. If you miss it, it will be a bit slacker, to put it bluntly.

Read more: How does L-thyroxine work?