The most important questions and answers about osteoporosis at a glance

On this portal you will find a list of the most important questions and answerson the subject of osteoporosis.

We, a team of doctors and patients, are constantly asking more questions and answers.

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Is osteoporosis curable?

That depends on who you ask. Most orthodox medical experts consider osteoporosis incurable. Although one can therefore stop the process of bone loss with exercise, diet and medication. But the loss of bone substance is irreversible. But there are also opposing voices. So there are certainly doctors who also consider a decline in osteoporosis or bone loss possible.

Read more: Is osteoporosis curable?

   

Why does the risk of falling increase with age?

In old age, several factors come together that can increase the risk of falls. For example, muscle mass and bone density decrease. Both factors increase the risk of falling. Also, the eyesight deteriorates, so it is easier to miss it.

Read more: Why does the risk of falling increase with age?

   

Which drugs increase the risk of falling?

With age, the number of prescribed medications that they (should) take daily increases for many people. Unfortunately, a number of them - in addition to the positive effects - increases the risk of falling. This applies, for example, to sleeping pills and sedatives, especially if taken later. If the drugs are not completely broken down by the body overnight, their effects continue on the following morning. Sleepy and dizzy, those affected are particularly prone to falls.

Read more: Which drugs increase the risk of falling?

   

When should one not treat osteoporosis with strontium?

Strontium is generally an option in osteoporosis treatment only in exceptional cases. On the one hand, calcium is a more suitable mineral for bone strengthening available. On the other hand, taking Strontium in rare cases can cause serious side effects. Because of its circulation-endangering properties, especially the heart is in danger.

Read more: When should one not treat osteoporosis with strontium?

   

What side effects can occur with Strontium Osteoporosis therapy?

Like calcium, strontium is a mineral that can be used to strengthen bones. However, due to its side-effect profile, strontium is only a second choice in osteoporosis treatment and is considered, if at all, only in postmenopausal women.

Read more: What side effects can occur with osteoporosis therapy with strontium?

   

How does strontium counteract osteoporosis?

Strontium is a mineral that can strengthen the bone. Chemically it resembles calcium. Strontium, when taken in larger quantities from the outside, is also very much like the calcium incorporated into the bone.

Read more: How does strontium counteract osteoporosis?

   

Why are calcium and vitamin D3 so important to the body?

Both calcium and vitamin D.3 are essential building blocks for our bones. They play a key role in ensuring that bone metabolism works and that our skeleton retains its stability.
Here, calcium is the most important mineral substance of the bone, so in the truest sense of the word a building block. Vitamin D3 however, it is more of a supplier. It is responsible that even calcium is available and can be installed. Vitamin D3 promotes the absorption of calcium and phosphate from the intestine and ensures the incorporation of minerals in the bones.

Read more: Why are calcium and vitamin D3 so important to the body?

   

When is the intake of calcium vitamin D3 Zentiva useful?

The drug calcium vitamin D3 Zentiva® contains 1,000 mg of calcium and 880 I.U. (International Units) Vitamin D3, This covers the daily requirement for the two substances. Both calcium and vitamin D.3 are essential for bone metabolism and bone stability.

Read more: When is the intake of calcium vitamin D3 Zentiva useful?

   

How does Teriparatide (Forsteo) work against osteoporosis?

Teriparatide (Forsteo®) is a genetic engineering imitation of the body's own parathyroid hormone. More precisely, a replica of a section of the parathyroid hormone. The treatment stimulates bone formation.

Read more: How does Teriparatide (Forsteo) work against osteoporosis?

   

Can you die from osteoporosis?

Although osteoporosis can not usually be cured, it can not be reversed completely. But that one dies of it, is highly unlikely. The fact that certain experts repeatedly claim the opposite and describe the osteoporosis as a deadly monster (which then journalists like to take over and nachblappern uncritically) has more to do with the fact that some of these experts receive financial benefits from just those manufacturers, the osteoporosis drugs much Earn money. And those who are afraid take more pills.

Read more: Can one die of osteoporosis?

   

What is an osteoporotic drug raloxifene?

Raloxifene belongs to the group of so-called selective estrogen receptor modulators (called SERM for short). Raloxifene was the first member of this group. The drug activates estrogen receptors in the bone, thereby increasing bone strength and bone density.

Read more: What is an osteoporosis drug raloxifene?

   

How does bazedoxifene (Conbriza®) counteract osteoporosis?

Bazedoxifene (trade name: Conbriza®) belongs to the so-called selective estrogen receptor modulators. Since no one can remember, this group of drugs is usually called SERM for short. SERMs are only suitable for osteoporosis in menopausal women.

Read more: How does bazedoxifene (Conbriza®) counteract osteoporosis?

   

Is there an osteoporosis test?

Being x-rayed to measure bone density and find out if you have osteoporosis or are close to it is of course not very tempting. Quickly answer a few questions and then evaluate, is there sympathetic.

Read more: Is there an Osteoporosis Test?

   

What side effects can occur with etidronic acid (etidronate)?

The most common side effects of etidronic acid (Didronel®, Diphos®, Etidronate) are nausea and diarrhea. Such gastrointestinal complaints occur in 1-10% of the treated.

Read more: What side effects can occur with etidronic acid (etidronate)?

   

How does etidronic acid (etidronate) work against osteoporosis?

Etidronic acid (also referred to as etidronate, trade name Didronel® and diphos®) belongs to the so-called bisphosphonates. This group of drugs counteract demineralization of the bone and can be used to prevent and treat osteoporosis.

Read more: How does etidronic acid (etidronate) work against osteoporosis?

   

What is the difference between Fosamax® and Fosavance®?

Fosamax® contains the active substance alendronic acid, Fosavance® In addition to alendronic acid also vitamin D. Both agents are effective against osteoporosis. The bisphosphonate alendronic acid reduces the breakdown of bone substance, vitamin D is the most important natural bone stabilizer in addition to calcium.

Read more: What is the difference between Fosamax® and Fosavance®?

   

What to look for when taking Fosamax®?

When taking Fosamax® (Active substance: alendronic acid), there are a few things that need to be considered to get the full effect and minimize the risk of side effects. The most important rule is to take the tablet on an empty stomach immediately after getting up in the morning, and then do not eat or drink for at least half an hour.

Read more: What to pay attention to when taking Fosamax®?

   

How does alendronic acid (Alendronate) counteract osteoporosis?

Alendronic acid (also known as alendronate, trade name Fosamax®) belongs to the so-called bisphosphonates. This group of drugs counteracts the demineralization of the bone and stabilizes it.

Read more: How does alendronic acid (alendronate) counteract osteoporosis?

   

Vitamin D: And it's useful?

With increasing age, the risk of porous bone (osteoporosis) increases and thus fractures, especially the hip bone. How to prevent that? By strengthening the bones. Vitamin D is needed for this, but there are many different insights into the benefits of taking vitamin D supplements - from effective to superfluous. A new study now comes to the conclusion that it depends mainly on the dose.

Read more: Vitamin D: And it's useful?

   

Calcium supplements increase risk of heart attack

They are mainly prescribed to women in and after the menopause and generally older people: calcium supplements. The goal: to preserve the stability of the bones and reduce the risk of broken bones. However, after doubts about the effectiveness of this preventive measure, there are now doubts about the sense of overall health of those affected. New research suggests that taking too much calcium dramatically increases the risk of heart attack.

Read more: Calcium supplements increase risk of heart attack

   

How do bisphosphonates work in osteoporosis?

Bisphosphonates are a group of drugs that all counteract bone loss. They succeed in this by inhibiting the so-called osteoclasts. These are the "bone entrances" in the body.

Read more: How do bisphosphonates affect osteoporosis?

   

What symptoms causes osteoporosis?

Mostly none at all. At least for a long time. That only sounds good at first glance. For just because osteoporosis causes no symptoms for a long time, it is often discovered only very late.

Read more: What symptoms causes osteoporosis?

   

Is it true that smoking can cause osteoporosis?

Yes. The reason: In smokers it comes to a poorer nutrient supply of the bone.

Read more: Is it true that smoking can cause osteoporosis?

   

Can hyperthyroidism cause osteoporosis?

Yes. Simplified, one can say that the thyroid hormone thyroxine increases the body's energy expenditure and total body turnover. That is also completely okay, only with too much it becomes a problem.

Read more: Can thyroid hyperfunction lead to osteoporosis?

   

Is it true that cortisone treatment can lead to bone loss and osteoporosis?

Yes and no. If you have to take cortisone tablets over a long period of time, the risk of osteoporosis actually increases. This does not apply if the treatment lasts only a few days or even a few weeks.

Read more: Is it true that cortisone treatment can lead to bone loss and osteoporosis?

   

Which bones are most at risk in osteoporosis?

The femur and vertebral bodies. At least, as far as the risk of breakage is concerned. In other words, the most common fractures due to osteoporosis are femoral neck fractures and so-called vertebral body fractures.

Read more: Which bones are most at risk in osteoporosis?

   

What is calcitonin? And what is it good for?

Calcitonin is a hormone that is produced in the thyroid gland. It primarily controls the calcium and phosphate balance in the body.

Read more: What is calcitonin? And what is it good for?

   

Which two body substances ensure that the bone contains enough calcium?

Calcitonin and vitamin D. Vitamin D is in the true sense of the body's own substance: The vitamin must be supplied through the diet or - quantitatively more significant - it is formed in the body under the influence of sunlight from precursors.

Read more: Which two body substances ensure that the bone contains enough calcium?

   

What special features or diseases favor the development of osteoporosis?

There are a number of physical factors or diseases that can promote the development and progression of osteoporosis. These include:

Read more: What special features or diseases favor the development of osteoporosis?

   

Does too much calcium damage your health?

Experts believe that a daily intake of 1,000 mg of calcium is sufficient. More than 1,500 mg per day may damage your health.

Read more: Does too much calcium damage your health?

   

Is it true that calcium therapy can be dangerous to the heart?

Yes, but this realization is still quite new. A study published in the British Medical Journal (Bolland et al., BMJ 2010) found that taking calcium supplements (without concomitant vitamin D) for the prevention or treatment of osteoporosis regularly increases the risk of heart attack by about 30% in a four-year observation period. increases.

Read more: Is it true that calcium therapy can be dangerous to the heart?

   

What should you look for in mineral water to prevent osteoporosis?

On the calcium content. Some mineral waters contain 500 mg of calcium per liter, which can contribute quite a bit to osteoporosis prevention.

Read more: What should you look for in mineral water to prevent osteoporosis?

   

Which cheeses contain a lot of calcium?

In Emmenthaler and Parmesan. This is illustrated by the following comparison values:

Read more: Which cheeses contain a lot of calcium?

   

Which foods contain relatively many phosphates?

Meat and sausage. Processed cheese and soft drinks such as Coca Cola are also relatively rich in phosphate.

Read more: Which foods contain relatively many phosphates?

   

Why are phosphate-containing foods unfavorable for osteoporosis protection?

The most important "raw material" to protect against osteoporosis is calcium. The problem with phosphates is that they displace calcium out of the bone if they are too large.

Read more: Why are phosphate-containing foods unfavorable for osteoporosis protection?

   

Which table salt is good for osteoporosis prevention?

Table salt, which contains iodide as well as fluoride. That's what the experts recommended until a few years ago. However, this recommendation has been somewhat softened in recent times.

Read more: Which table salt is good for osteoporosis prevention?

   

Which foods contain a lot of vitamin D to protect against osteoporosis?

Vitamin D is important for bone metabolism and therefore important for the prevention of osteoporosis. Especially fish, eggs, milk and butter contain a lot of vitamin D.

Read more: Which foods contain a lot of vitamin D to protect against osteoporosis?

   

Can I protect myself against osteoporosis through good nutrition?

The bone needs calcium. An adequate intake of calcium with the diet therefore counteracts osteoporosis.

Read more: Can I protect myself against osteoporosis through good nutrition?