Ear disorders and hearing disorders: the most important questions and answers

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Tinnitus: causes, diagnosis, treatment

With over 11 million people affected, tinnitus is a relevant and very stressful phenomenon for many people. Because a continuous ear noise can be a psychological burden and often puts those affected to a hard test. Below, we introduce you to the basics, causes, and important aspects of treating tinnitus.

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What does tinnitus mean?

Tinnitus is not a disease in itself but a symptom, i. an indication of a hearing system disorder. It manifests itself as a noise (for example, a ringing, noise, whistling or beeping in the ear), but for which there is no external sound source. The sound is felt only by the person concerned and can be perceived by no one else.

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How is tinnitus treated?

Tinnitus is not an independent disease for which there is a special treatment. Rather, ear noises are an indication of very different disorders or diseases. Treatment for tinnitus therefore targets the underlying cause. But there are also therapeutic measures to alleviate the tinnitus itself.

Read more: How is tinnitus treated?

   

Are there some tinnitus here and there?

No, ear noises that occasionally occur are not yet a sign of pathological tinnitus. After a disco visit or other prolonged exposure to noise (such as listening loudly to headphones), many people have heard ear noises before, but in most cases disappear on their own.

Read more: Are here and there some ear noises already a pathological tinnitus?

   

What causes the sounds during tinnitus?

How exactly the ear noise in a tinnitus comes about, is not yet clear. However, there are several different explanatory approaches.

Read more: What causes the sounds during tinnitus?

   

Why does tinnitus sometimes get quieter and louder?

That tinnitus is not always perceived as loud depends on various causes. Because there are different factors that can affect the tinnitus. For example, stress, inner tension, excitement, or emotional stress can make the sound louder and more unpleasant.

Read more: Why is tinnitus sometimes softer and louder?

   

What are the most common causes of tinnitus?

The occurrence of ear noises can have many different causes and triggers. How exactly it comes to the annoying noise or beeping in the ear and what mechanisms behind it, is not yet clear.

Read more: What are the most common causes of tinnitus?

   

Can tinnitus also be a serious illness?

Yes, that is basically possible, albeit rarely. Behind a tinnitus can be many diseases that can be dangerous if you do not do anything about it.

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Can too much noise cause tinnitus?

Yes. Ear noises are very often caused by noise. In addition to stress, noise is even considered one of the main causes of tinnitus. Both the volume and the duration of the load play a role.

Read more: Can too much noise cause tinnitus?

   

Does tinnitus cause too much stress?

Although stress can not directly trigger tinnitus. Frequently, however, the ear noise occurs in connection with stress. In addition, it often causes people to perceive the tinnitus louder and more unpleasant.

Read more: Is tinnitus caused by too much stress?

   

Is a throbbing in the ear an indication of high blood pressure?

Yes, that can be. Pulse-synchronous throbbing in the ear (ie a throbbing rhythm at the same rate as the heart) may indicate high blood pressure or altered blood flow. One then speaks of an objective tinnitus.

Read more: Is a throb in the ear an indication of high blood pressure?

   

Can tinnitus come from the cervical spine?

Yes. Joint problems or muscle tension in the area of ​​the cervical spine can promote the development of ear noises or intensify existing tinnitus. Because there is a connection between hearing and cervical spine (cervical spine).

Read more: Can tinnitus come from the cervical spine?

   

Can tinnitus just be due to too much earwax?

Yes, that can be. An accumulation of too much earwax sometimes causes ear-noises, humming, crackling or ear-hissing. When the earwax hardens and settles in the ear canal, a kind of plug in the ear is created that irritates the entire hearing system.

Read more: Can tinnitus simply be due to too much earwax?

   

Can a middle ear infection cause tinnitus?

Yes, that is possible. Acute otitis media or inflammation of the external ear (ear canal inflammation), in which pathogens such as bacteria, viruses or fungi enter the ear, can trigger a temporary tinnitus. Ears can also be caused by a common cold.

Read more: Can middle ear inflammation lead to tinnitus?

   

Can wisdom teeth cause tinnitus?

Yes. Wisdom teeth that are already causing problems can promote tinnitus. Because every one of our teeth (front teeth, incisors, canines, wisdom teeth) is in contact with certain body regions. To the nearby ears there is a very special relationship.

Read more: Can wisdom teeth cause tinnitus?

   

Diagnostics: What does the doctor investigate in tinnitus?

The diagnosis of ear noises is complex and resembles a detective track search. Because a noise or beeping in the ear can indicate a variety of causes. In order to narrow down the possible triggers of ear noises, the ear, nose and throat specialist will therefore undertake a series of examinations.

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Tinnitus: When should one go to the doctor with ear noises?

In most cases, ear noises are harmless. Still, you should always take them seriously and get to the bottom of them before they solidify. Basically, there are many different causes that can cause ear noises.

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Tinnitus: Which drugs do doctors prescribe?

Drugs that have been proven to be effective against tinnitus are still lacking. However, some medicines are considered for the treatment of acute tinnitus, which can alleviate the symptoms or even contribute to the fact that the tinnitus disappears again.

Read more: Tinnitus: Which medications do doctors prescribe?

   

Which drugs are really effective in tinnitus?

There is no adequate scientific evidence of efficacy for any of the drugs used in tinnitus. Nevertheless, acute tinnitus is usually treated with medication. The individual complaints are often good. Most of the ear noise disappears without any medication on its own.

Read more: Which drugs are really effective for tinnitus?

   

Are there any over-the-counter medicines for tinnitus?

Yes. There are over-the-counter medicines available for the treatment of tinnitus. The over-the-counter preparations are mainly composed of the active ingredients Ginkgo biloba and Etilefrin. In addition, natural remedies such as rose root and taiga root can help against tinnitus. But beware: being available free does not mean it is free from side effects.

Read more: Are there any over-the-counter medicines for tinnitus?

   

Cortisone in tinnitus: Does that bring?

Yes, cortisone therapy can have a positive effect on acute tinnitus that has not been around for long. In the guidelines for the treatment of tinnitus, cortisone is even strongly recommended for acute therapy. This has the following reason:

Read more: Cortisone in Tinnitus: Does that help?

   

Help Infusions Against Tinnitus?

Sometimes infusions in the treatment of tinnitus have a good and fast effect. Especially acute complaints can be significantly alleviated. Therefore, at least one assumes that infusions can help against tinnitus. However, there is no sound scientific evidence.

Read more: Do infusions help against tinnitus?

   

Can tinnitus be treated with psychotherapy?

Yes, you should even! Psychotherapy is a very important and effective treatment for chronic tinnitus.Often the ear noise is triggered by mental or physical overload, stress and critical life events. Tinnitus is to a certain extent the physical reaction of humans to an onerous life situation.

Read more: Can tinnitus be treated with psychotherapy?

   

How does a noise device work on tinnitus?

A noise device, also called a masker or noiser, generates sounds that distract from annoying tinnitus and make it more bearable. They are of course much more pleasant than the annoying beeping or whistling in the ear. The unobtrusive device is worn similar to a hearing aid and can be used either behind the ear or in the ear.

Read more: How does a noise device work on tinnitus?

   

Masker and Noiser: What's the difference?

From a purely optical point of view, the two noise devices (maskers and noisers) do not differ from each other. They have the same design and size and are both worn like a normal hearing aid, ie in the ear or behind the ear. In addition, both devices generate a quiet noise (or a natural sound), which should make the tinnitus bearable. But there is a subtle difference.

Read more: Masker and Noiser: What's the difference?

   

Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT): How Can the Treatment Help?

With the help of a so-called Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT) people with tinnitus can learn to fade out the noise in the ear. It is a kind of "Lost Program" (hence the name "Re-Training"), which conveys to those affected, perceive the inner sounds as no longer disturbing.

Read more: Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT): How Can Treatment Help?

   

Can you operate a tinnitus?

No, tinnitus can not be operated because it is not an independent disease in itself. The ear noise always occurs as a symptom, i. as an indication of a particular condition. If this is a serious underlying condition such as chronic otitis media or otosclerosis, surgery may be required.

Read more: Is it possible to operate a tinnitus?

   

Oxygen or electricity against tinnitus: Is that serious?

No, not usually. So far, there is no procedure for chronic tinnitus other than psychotherapy that has been proven to be effective. This also applies to therapy with electricity (electrotherapy) and with oxygen (also called pressure chamber therapy or hyperbaric oxygen therapy). In acute tinnitus, treatment with oxygen may be considered in certain cases.

Read more: Oxygen or electricity against tinnitus: Is that serious?

   

Can you really treat tinnitus with laser?

No. Nevertheless, there are always specialists who offer tinnitus therapy with a soft laser. The energy in these devices is so low that it can not lead to tissue damage; however, the benefit of such treatment is highly questionable.

Read more: Can tinnitus really be treated with laser?

   

Is tinnitus curable?

Tinnitus is not an independent disease that can be cured. The ear noise occurs rather as a symptom of a disease or injury in the ear. It can also be an expression of a completely different illness. In most cases, tinnitus is based on a harmless cause that can be treated well. Then usually the annoying ear noise disappears again.

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Can Tinnitus Become Deaf Permanently?

No, tinnitus alone will not make you feel deaf or deaf, even though it may seem that way to some sufferers. This has the following reason:

Read more: Can Tinnitus Become Deaf in Duration?

   

Can tinnitus drive to suicide?

Yes, that is possible. While some people can cope very well with the constant rapture of the ears, tinnitus can make life really hard for other sufferers. But there are good strategies that anyone can learn in order to better distance themselves from the troublemaker in the ear and not to despair at it.

Read more: Can tinnitus drive to suicide?

   

Can tinnitus go from one ear to the other?

Yes, that is possible. In many cases, after a certain time tinnitus can also pass to the second ear or be perceived in the other ear. However, whether he passes from one ear to the second ear, always depends on the cause that triggers the tinnitus.

Read more: Can tinnitus go from one ear to the other?

   

Tinnitus: When is a stay in a clinic useful?

Whether a stay in a clinic makes sense depends on how much the affected person suffers from tinnitus.The suffering pressure in tinnitus can be divided into four different degrees of severity (grade 1 to 4).

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Tinnitus: Do I have to change my diet?

A healthy diet that contains all the essential nutrients in sufficient quantities is important for all bodily functions - and thus also hearing - to function smoothly. However, if the body lacks nutrients such as carbohydrates, fat, protein or vitamins, minerals and trace elements, complaints threaten.

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Can alcohol make tinnitus worse?

That can not be answered flat rate. The enjoyment of wine, beer or other alcoholic beverages may have different effects on tinnitus. Alcohol has a stimulating effect, which can also increase the attention to the ear noise.

Read more: Can alcohol make tinnitus worse?

   

May I drink coffee with tinnitus?

Yes. The rumor that coffee or other caffeinated drinks such as black tea, coke, or energy drinks can aggravate tinnitus persists, but is wrong. To date, there is no scientific evidence for this claim.

Read more: Can I drink coffee with tinnitus?

   

Which home remedies help with tinnitus?

There are many different home remedies that can help alleviate tinnitus. Here are some tips that can help improve blood circulation and increase overall well-being and concentration.

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Tinnitus: What helps with a hypersensitivity?

Some people with tinnitus also suffer from increased sensitivity to noise. There are several ways to deal with a so-called hyperacusis better. In general, it is advisable to combine several treatment procedures. These include:

Read more: Tinnitus: What helps with a hypersensitivity?