The most important questions and answers about headaches & migraines at a glance

On this portal you will find a list of the most important questions and answerson headache & migraine.

We, a team of doctors and patients, are constantly asking more questions and answers.

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Why do I have more headaches in summer?

Headaches have a lot to do with blood circulation. And with the narrow and wide position of the blood vessels. But that alone makes it understandable that there are typical summer headaches - at least for susceptible people. Also migraine attacks are piling up in many people in the warm season.

Read more: Why do I have more headaches in summer?

   

Can headaches or migraines be caused by smoking?

Clear yes. Smoking is considered to trigger tension-type headaches, migraines and the so-called cluster headache. Especially in migraine, this has been proven by several studies. Although most people do not need any studies, they always experience it themselves. If you already have headaches or migraine headaches anyway, then smoking is extremely unfavorable.

Read more: Can headaches or migraines be caused by smoking?

   

Can make headache tablets dependent?

The occasional use of painkillers for headache poses no danger of dependence. The commonly used drugs such as acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin, aspirin), paracetamol or ibuprofen are not addictive.

Read more: Can headache tablets make them dependent?

   

How does verapamil work against cluster headaches?

The drug Verapamil is mainly prescribed in connection with heart disease. He is also suitable for the treatment and prevention of cluster headaches. However, you have to be patient for 1-3 weeks before verapamil takes effect.

Read more: How does Verapamil work against cluster headaches?

   

What side effects can occur with zolmitriptan (AscoTop)?

Zolmitriptan (trade nameAscoTop®) works against the acute migraine attack by activating the messenger serotonin in the brain. An attachment to the corresponding receptors leads to an increased release of serotonin. This leads to a narrowing of the dilated in the migraine attack blood vessels and pain relief.

Read more: What side effects can occur with zolmitriptan (AscoTop)?

   

How does Zolmitriptan work against migraine?

Zolmitriptan (AscoTop®) is a drug for the acute migraine attack. It relieves the headache and accompanying discomfort such as nausea, photosensitivity and sensitivity to noise. About 80% of those treated respond. Zolmitriptan is not suitable for preventive use, ie before the seizure starts properly.

Read more: How does Zolmitriptan work against migraine?

   

In what form does Sumatriptan work best: as a tablet, as a suppository, as an injection or as a nasal spray?

That depends on the individual situation and also a little on the personal taste. The fastest and safest effect is the injection under the skin. There are pre-filled syringes that are easy to apply and hardly hurt. The nasal sprays have a similar effect, provided you spray properly (follow the instructions exactly!).

Read more: In what form does Sumatriptan work best: as a tablet, as a suppository, as an injection or as a nasal spray?

   

What side effects can occur with Imigran (Sumatriptan)?

Sumatriptan (trade name including Imigran®) unfolds its effect in acute migraine attack via influencing various messenger substances in the brain. On the one hand pain and other migraine symptoms are alleviated, but on the other hand it can also lead to side effects.

Read more: What side effects can occur with Imigran (Sumatriptan)?

   

How does thomapyrin work against headaches?

Thomapyrin® is a so-called combination preparation. It contains the active ingredients acetylsalicylic acid, paracetamol and caffeine.Acetylsalicylic acid, better known as aspirin or aspirin®, and acetaminophen are proven analgesics, which are also offered as individual active ingredients under numerous trade names.

Read more: How does thomapyrin work against headaches?

   

How does Sumatriptan work against migraine?

Sumatriptan (Imigran®) belongs to the group of so-called triptans. The drug was the first representative of this modern migraine medication. Like all triptans, sumatriptan is a remedy for the acute migraine attack and not suitable for prevention.

Read more: How does sumatriptan work against migraine?

   

Which medications best protect against a migraine attack?

All in all, this can not be answered because not every migraine medication works equally well for everyone. However, there is certainly a weighting, with which one has the best chances of a successful protection against migraine attacks.

Read more: Which medications best protect against a migraine attack?

   

Why is not Paracetamol suitable for hangover headaches?

Paracetamol - hangover headacheBecause paracetamol is broken down by the liver. So there, where already because of the alcohol hard work has to be done. Both degradation processes can block each other.

Read more: Why is acetaminophen not suitable for hangover headaches?

   

How long does a migraine attack last?

If you are lucky, three to four hours. If you are unlucky, several days. This is not meant cynically, but unfortunately the reality. The duration of a migraine attack can vary extremely. And when it starts, it's virtually impossible to predict how long the attack will last.

Read more: How long does a migraine attack take?

   

What are typical accompanying symptoms of a migraine attack?

In contrast to tension-type headaches, a migraine attack is almost always accompanied by further symptoms. Although these accompanying symptoms vary individually and may vary from one attack to the next in the same person, there are many similarities in the end.

Read more: What are typical accompanying symptoms of a migraine attack?

   

Do Omega-3s Protect Against Migraine?

Omega-3 fatty acids, which are found in many foods, but especially in sea fish, are attributed to numerous health-promoting effects. In a large, scientifically proven study, they have now been tested in migraine prevention.

Read more: Do Omega-3 fatty acids protect against migraine?

   

Can you protect yourself against migraine attacks with vitamin B2 (riboflavin)?

Maybe yes, but scientifically proven that is not yet. Riboflavin or Vitamin B2 has long been discussed as a means of migraine prevention and also tested. So far, however, without a clear result.

Read more: Can you protect yourself against migraine attacks with vitamin B2 (riboflavin)?

   

Can you prevent a migraine attack with magnesium tablets?

That is controversial. Or at least not clearly proven. Magnesium has long been on the list of possible "migraine-preventers", but so far has never been able to prove its effectiveness beyond doubt.

Read more: Can you prevent a migraine attack with magnesium tablets?

   

May women with migraine take the pill?

A dispute broke out between doctors. Women report that gynecologists refuse to give them the prescription for the pill, saying they have migraines. Reason: Hormonal contraceptives plus migraine increase the risk of stroke and heart attack. Neurologists and pain therapists see it differently.

Read more: May women with migraine take the pill?

   

Is it true that beta-blockers work well against migraine?

Yes. And even if the name of these drugs initially scares off some sufferers, because that sounds like a "hammer", beta blockers are considered by almost all experts as the number 1, when it comes to preventing a migraine headache.

Read more: Is it true that beta-blockers work well against migraines?

   

With which medications can you prevent a migraine attack?

In addition to the drugs that relieve the symptoms in the case of a migraine attack, there are also those that should prevent in advance, that it comes to a migraine attack. Or at least to curb their number and frequency.

Read more: Which medications can be used to prevent a migraine attack?

   

Which painkillers are best for migraine headaches?

Not every analgesic works the same for everyone. That's why you often have to try a little at new onset migraines until you have "found your own" optimal means. However, there are of course favorites, so painkillers, which work well in most migraine patients.

Read more: Which painkillers are best for migraine headaches?

   

Migraine or tension headache? Is there a self-test?

Do I have tension headaches or migraines? Some people do not ask themselves this question only when they first have a headache. Even people with migraine sometimes do not know whether the headache announcing itself is not "just" a tension headache - which is important for the type of pills, among other things.

Read more: Migraine or tension headache? Is there a self-test?

   

Does homeopathy help against headaches?

Strictly scientific: No! There are no studies that prove that. Practically: Yes! There are many sufferers who report very positive effects of homeopathic remedies for headaches.

Read more: Does homeopathy help against headaches?

   

Which medications are best for tension headaches?

OccasionallyTension headaches, there is a whole range of drugs or drug combinations that are recommended by experts. The "German migraine and headache society" names above all the following:

Read more: Which medications are best for tension headaches?

   

What is an EEG for?

With an EEG, the electrical brain waves are recorded. This can be used e.g. pathological nerve conduction or a tendency to seizure (epilepsy).

Read more: What is an EEG for?

   

Unclear headache: Do I have a brain tumor?

Especially with newly occurring, unclear headache many sufferers have the concern that behind it could be a brain tumor. That is understandable; Fortunately, this is only rarely the case. Almost always others and, in the majority of cases, significantly more harmless causes are behind the headache.

Read more: Unclear headache: Do I have a brain tumor?

   

When do you have to head to the doctor?

Headache is considered a common symptom, and it must come together a lot so that those affected go to the doctor. A headache tablet is easy to get and much more comfortable.

Read more: When do you have to head to the doctor?

   

Can headaches also be caused by poor eyesight?

Yes. That's even relatively common. If short-sightedness, farsightedness is undetected or corrected with glasses or contact lenses, overloading the eyes can also lead to headaches.

Read more: Can headache also be caused by poor eyesight?

   

What are possible indications that headaches have a more serious cause?

Although this is rarely the case, in principle headaches can always be caused by a serious cause or serious underlying illness. It is important that you seek medical advice early on.

Read more: What are possible indications that headaches have a more serious cause?

   

Is coffee a migraine trigger?

Coffee itself rather not. However, fluctuations in the caffeine level in the blood already. So if you drink coffee (or black tea) on a regular basis and your consumption suddenly changes dramatically, it can lead to a migraine attack.

Read more: Is coffee a migraine trigger?

   

Do menopause seizures occur more frequently during menopause?

Some women with migraines are generally sensitive to hormone fluctuations. They have migraine attacks, e.g. more often shortly before or during the period or even at the beginning of taking the "pill" on.

Read more: Do migraine attacks occur more frequently during menopause?

   

What does a one-sided headache (only on one side of the head) speak for?

Most likely for a migraine. Typical of migraine is the one-sided, so localized only on one side headache.

Read more: What does a one-sided headache (only on one side of the head) speak for?

   

What do headaches mean with nausea, noise and photosensitivity?

This is the typical picture of a migraine. In addition, if the headache is still one-sided, ie located on only one side of the head, all the characteristic features of the migraine are fulfilled.

Read more: What do headaches mean with nausea, noise and photosensitivity?

   

Headache throbbing and pulsating: tension headache or migraine?

A throbbing, pulsating or pounding headache is more characteristic of migraine. Especially if it occurs only one-sided.The typical headache with tension headaches, however, is dull and oppressive.

Read more: Headache throbbing and pulsating: tension headache or migraine?

   

Why do everyday headaches speak against a migraine?

Because migraine typically occurs seizure-wise. This can happen up to six times a month, but never daily.

Read more: Why do everyday headaches speak against a migraine?

   

What is meant by the so-called migraine aura?

About 10-15% of all people with migraine experience a so-called migraine aura in the run-up to a seizure.It often manifests itself through problems with vision (blurred vision, flicker or streaks in front of the eyes), but also tingling on the arms and legs.

Read more: What is meant by the so-called migraine aura?

   

What are typical forerunners (prodromi) of a migraine attack?

Frequently a migraine attack is announced by so-called prodromes. These harbingers appear before the actual headache sets in. They can be individually very different and continue to exist when the headache has already subsided.

Read more: What are typical harbingers (prodromi) of a migraine attack?

   

How does the migraine pain typically feel?

In contrast to the tension headache, which is usually perceived as dull and oppressive, the migraine expresses itself more through throbbing, throbbing, pounding pain.

Read more: How does the migraine pain typically feel?

   

How can a migraine attack be triggered?

That is individually very different. Relatively common triggering factors are stress or alcohol consumption, and in women hormone fluctuations during the menstrual cycle '.

Read more: How can a migraine attack be triggered?

   

Are neck tension always the cause of tension headache?

It used to be thought that. Nowadays, tension in the neck area can promote the development of tension-type headaches, but there are always other accompanying causes involved as well.

Read more: Are always neck tension the cause of tension headache?