Accompanying and secondary diseases

What makes high blood pressure so dangerous? What threatens if left untreated? That's what this chapter is all about.

Is it true that high blood pressure increases the risk of stroke?

Clear yes. High blood pressure is one of the major risk factors for stroke in addition to arteriosclerosis.

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Which organs are often damaged in hypertension?

High blood pressure damages especially organs with many vessels and good blood circulation. First and foremost are the brain, kidneys and eyes.

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Hypertension: What do additional risk factors for the heart and circulation mean?

Any risk factor that exists alongside high blood pressure increases the risk of later serious illness even further. This means that it is also worthwhile with high blood pressure (rather: then especially) to quit smoking, to move more or to reduce excess weight.

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Why is it particularly dangerous when hypertension and elevated blood lipid levels come together?

High blood pressure is often not felt, as well as elevated blood lipid levels. The problem is that both high blood pressure and cholesterol & Co. - unnoticed for a long time - can damage the blood vessels.

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Why is hypertension particularly dangerous in diabetes?

Both diabetes mellitus and hypertension damage the vascular system and affect each other. Diabetes increases, among other things, the risk of general calcification of vessels.

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New onset of vision: Is it age or high blood pressure?

Whether or not visual impairment is a non-dangerous presbyopia that primarily affects close vision or eye damage due to hypertension, the ophthalmologist should test and assess.

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Is it true that one can become blind through hypertension?

Yes, even if that is an extreme, of course. But high blood pressure can cause serious eye disease in any case.

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Can the ophthalmologist detect a retinal disease due to hypertension?

Yes, the ophthalmologist recognizes constricted blood vessels and typical signs of retinal disease caused by hypertension due to the reflection of the fundus.

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What is hypertensive retinopathy?

Hypertensive retinopathy is a disease of the retina due to hypertension.

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Is there a connection between hypertension and impotence?

Yes. High blood pressure (hypertension) can lead to sexual disorders in the sense of erectile dysfunction or impotence.

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