Heart, circulation and vessels: the most important questions and answers

heart disease

When it comes to the heart and the circulation, the numbers are huge. For better or for worse. The healthy heart of an average-sized and well-trained adult pumps about 7,000 liters of blood through the body every day.

Only a fifth of it in the brain. The heart muscle contracts 60-90 times per minute and relaxes again, which we measure as a heartbeat and can feel as a pulse. In total, the heart of an octogenarian has between 2.5 and 3.8 billion pumping actions behind him.

Most people die from diseases of the cardiovascular system

Heart and vessels are central to our lives. And also for dying. Most people succumb to cardiac death in this country. The dreaded acute myocardial infarction occupies only second place, behind the long-term lack of circulation of the heart muscle (in the technical term: chronic ischemic heart disease).

Heart and blood vessels belong together, and this also applies to the heart itself. If the coronary arteries (medical Latin: coronary) clogged, breaks the oxygen supply in their supplied heart muscle areas together and the tissue dies. Then at some point the pumping power comes to a standstill and at the end the entire organism dies.

Biological bypass - a self-healing mechanism of the body

However, the self-healing powers of the heart are obviously great. In the central pump organ, as elsewhere in the body, so-called collateral vessels are found, which provide a bypass - a natural bypass - and thus maintain blood flow, when a previously active artery is blocked. That is the reason why many heart attacks are silent and are not noticed by those affected. Often the event is later discovered by the doctor when evaluating an ECG scan. Although the potential of the biological self-healing mechanisms is now being researched, it seems to belong to the still well-guarded (or hardly known) health secrets.

Millions of arteriosclerosis patients

In any case, cardiovascular diseases lead the cause of death statistics in the industrial nations. In Germany, they cause more than 40% of all deaths, albeit with a slightly decreasing trend.

By far the most common cardiovascular disease is hypertension, it is said. About 20% of all adult Germans are said to be affected; in the case of the elderly, the estimated rate is even higher.

Second is coronary heart disease (CHD), in which the coronary arteries are affected by arteriosclerosis or atherosclerosis - popularly known as "arteriosclerosis" - and are no longer completely free. Estimated number of patients in Germany: over 3 million.

About 2 million suffer from chronic heart failure (heart failure), which is characterized by a steadily decreasing pumping capacity of the leached heart. And with at least 1 million humans, according to statistics flicker the forecourts. If the heart stops beating properly, it is a rhythm disorder. They come in different forms, the most common being atrial fibrillation.

In addition to circulatory disorders, valve defects are among the most common heart diseases, as well as inflammation. Vascular diseases are dominated by arterial occlusive disease (AVC), less susceptible varicose veins (varicosis) and potentially very dangerous venous thrombosis.

Cardiovascular disease is rare in children and young adults. Here are the congenital heart defects in the foreground.

Real and apparent success of repair medicine

Undoubtedly, modern high-performance medicine can show considerable success. The number of infarct deaths in Germany has dropped by almost half since 1980 and continues to decline. Thousands of lives are saved each year. The number of cardiac and vascular patients - and also the deadly consequences - remains high. Because it is not a healing, but a repair company. And at a very high scientific, technological and cost-intensive level. Here is a lot of money earned.

Cardiac insufficiency and atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter are among the most frequent treatment events in the hospital, apart from childbirth and alcohol problems. The number of cardiac surgery centers in Germany has almost doubled since the 1990s, increasing the number of catheter treatments tenfold.More than 325,000 such interventions are now carried out each year. At the expense of the bypass operations, which are made somewhat less frequently to the chagrin of the heart surgeons. But still more than 50,000 times a year.

Surgery and medication only partially useful

For the pharmaceutical industry, the cardiovascular sector is one of the lucrative megamores. Diverse blockbusters - millions of prescribed and sold products - provide for magnificent returns. A huge arsenal of drugs is used here: from the various types of hypertension, old and new blood thinners, directly affecting the heart means to fat metabolism regulators such as the much-discussed statins. An estimated four million Germans are now taking pills for elevated cholesterol levels. For operations such as medication applies: Only for a part of the use is undoubtedly useful.

For anyone who believes that cardiovascular diseases are fundamentally a technically problem-solving problem that can permanently remedy medicine is wrong. Many of those treated survive but do not really get better in their lives. The reason is often the unhealthy lifestyle that they take care of rather than heart and vessels.

Starting point of most cardiovascular diseases: atherosclerosis

Much of the multiple cardiovascular disease develops on the basis of atherosclerosis. The accumulation of fat, thrombi, connective tissue and lime in the blood vessel walls leads to a hardening of the arteries. Atheromatous plaques form, which can rupture and lead to vascular blockages. With possible dramatic consequences such as heart attack, stroke or vascular occlusion in the limbs (PAOD).

Main risk factor: unhealthy attitude

Risk factor number one for cardiovascular diseases is increased blood pressure. Risk factor number two is smoking. Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) and lipid metabolism disorders also increase cardiovascular risk. In addition to genetic predispositions, age and gender, inner attitudes, external circumstances and individual lifestyles play a major role in these diseases of civilization or civilization.

You guessed it, what are the unhealthy key factors: about wrong eating habits, overweight, lack of exercise, constant stress, emotional conflicts, imbalances in the physical-mental-emotional-social relationship structure and a reduced resilience (resilience). It is always the same evils or weaknesses that are detrimental to a healthy state. With a central organ system like the circulatory system, they have a correspondingly violent and lasting effect - usually after a long latency period without relevant symptoms.

Most cardiovascular diseases are preventable

Anyone who has ever seen the difference between a smooth, intact vessel wall and an arteriosclerotically deformed one in the pathological institute or simply by clicking on the Internet, should actually be motivated to be mindful of his circulatory system. The majority of people take care of their heart and their vessels but unfortunately only when they make themselves felt by disease signs. It is a pity, because cardiovascular diseases are not only a source of considerable suffering for many patients but also a high cost for healthcare - they would even be avoidable in most cases.

New, old magic word: movement

What you should know: It is never too late to activate and promote self-healing through a healthier, mindful lifestyle. Of course, this does not only apply to the heart, but is now scientifically proven by fascinating research findings. Renowned physicians are also calling for a rethink in cardiac therapy. The new, old magic word is called: movement. It promotes the formation of collateral vessels, ie natural bypasses (see above) and has a multifaceted positive effect on the circulatory, muscular, nervous and immune systems as well as the metabolism and the entire organism.

Already 15 minutes of physical activity daily has a preventative effect

Even if you're only exercising for 15 minutes each day, you'll reduce your risk of heart attack from heart attack by 20% and extend your life by at least 3 years. Of course only statistically considered and without guarantee. Because what really happens always depends on the individual and their individual situation. It's healthy but just more fun. Above all, health is a matter of attitude, just as it is after a heart attack or another undesirable event. Therefore: Listen to your heart!

And be smart, about healthy blood pressure, fat, coagulation and other vital blood values. Whether it's medical treatment, self-help or prevention: you yourself can (and should) do a lot for your heart and vascular health. Our answers to many important questions will hopefully help. We also like to seek new answers to further questions.

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How do I recognize a heart failure myself?
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What is left heart failure?
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What is right heart failure?
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Is myocardial insufficiency a death sentence?
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Which stages of heart failure are differentiated?
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Which course does a heart muscle weakness take?
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How does the doctor diagnose heart failure?
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Can you physically burden yourself with a heart failure?
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Do I have to pay attention to my drinking volume with heart failure?
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Is it possible to get insomnia from heart failure?
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Why should I take dehydrators because of my heart failure?
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Why should I control my weight daily when taking dehydration tablets (diuretics)?
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Do beta-blockers work in chronic heart failure?
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Are beta-blockers good for any type of heart failure?
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When will digitalis preparations be used?
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Do you always get digitalis with heart failure?
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What side effects can cause digitalis?
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Is there a difference between digitoxin and digoxin?
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What should be considered when taking digitalis?
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How is the correct dosage of Digitalis set?
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How does digitalis work?
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Do diuretics and beta-blockers increase blood sugar levels?
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Are you allowed to take medicines such as Viagra® for sexual dysfunction while receiving cardiovascular and hypertension treatment?
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Do heart and blood pressure medications affect sexual function?
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Which heart medications can cause erection problems in men?
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What do you have to consider when driving with cardiovascular medications?
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In what way do diuretics actually flush out more water through the kidneys?
To answer that, you have to delve a bit into the anatomy of the kidneys. Place of action of diuretics (dehydrating agents) are the ...
Diuretics: What other medicines do you have to watch out for?
The concomitant use of diuretics and certain medications may cause undesirable effects. That's why you should talk about this ...
Can withdrawal symptoms of beta-blockers be abolished?
Yes, over-stopping beta-blockers can cause symptoms such as restlessness, anxiety, insomnia, and sweating. Beta blockers are ...
In which diseases should one receive a beta-blocker?
Beta-blockers are used in a whole range of heart diseases. These include: coronary heart disease (constricted coronary arteries); ...
Which beta-blockers can cause erectile problems in men?
In some cases, treatment with the beta-blockers can cause erection problems. Also a libido loss is described. The...
Are beta-blockers tired?
Yes, relatively often. Especially in the first days and weeks of treatment. So if you are tired of taking beta-blockers or ...
Is it true that beta-blockers also work against migraines?
Yes. And even if the name of these drugs initially scare off some sufferers, because that sounds like "hammer", beta-blockers for ...
Which antihypertensives can cause erectile problems in men?
In some cases, treatment with antihypertensives may cause erectile dysfunction, impotence, or loss of libido. That is the ...
Which blood pressure medication protects best from heart attack and stroke?
All equally good. The main thing, the blood pressure is well controlled with the tablets. That may be a bit simplified now ...
Are antihypertensics also helpful against stroke?
Clear yes. If you have high blood pressure, lowering blood pressure is not only important to prevent a heart attack and other heart problems ...
What do ACE inhibitors do?
Inhibitors of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE inhibitors) block the renally produced hormone angiotensin II, which vasoconstrictor and ...
What are ACE inhibitors?
ACE inhibitors inhibit angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), thereby reducing vascular resistance and blood pressure. The...
Is it possible to take ACE inhibitors in previously damaged kidneys (kidney insufficiency)?
Yes. Not infrequently, high blood pressure and kidney failure (kidney failure) are common and mutually reinforcing. The taking ...
Newly-prescribed ACE inhibitors: Which check-ups are important?
If ACE inhibitors have been re-prescribed, the following blood levels should be checked some time after the start of treatment: blood count, blood salts ...
Do ACE inhibitors possibly support weight loss?
Yes, that is possible. Because the renin-angiotensin system, in which the drug intervenes, apparently not only for the blood pressure plays a role, ...
Can not I just take potassium and magnesium tablets as a heart protection myself?
Before taking potassium and magnesium without medical supervision, cardiovascular and kidney disease should be avoided. Because it can easily ...
Do potassium or magnesium tablets have side effects?
Yes, some people do not tolerate the prescribed potassium or magnesium supplements as well and respond with gastrointestinal complaints. Possible...
Can the potassium level be too low despite the intake of potassium?
Yes, that is e.g. This is possible if magnesium is not taken with a simultaneous magnesium deficiency to compensate for this deficit. Because...
Does the intake of calcium damage the heart?
Many older people take calcium in the form of effervescent or chewable tablets to strengthen their bones and bone fracture ...
How does acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) work?
The substance acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) occurs in the leaves and the bark of the white willow. ASA has an analgesic and anti-inflammatory ....
How important is the gastric protection with proton pump inhibitors in blood thinning with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)?
The protection of the stomach is very important with regular use with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), because without this stomach protection it can be ...
What speaks against the intake of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)?
People who have suffered or are suffering from stomach or bowel ulcers should not take acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) on a regular basis. Also...
Why do you get gastric protection with blood thinning with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)?
Even under a low-dose treatment with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), some sufferers develop ulcers in the stomach, duodenum or ...
Heart protection: How high should the dosage of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) be?
While acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) is often given as a painkiller in the dosage of 500 mg, is for a long-term therapy to protect against ...
How does heparin work?
Heparin is a blood thinner in which it activates a blood clotting antagonist (antithrombin III). Heparin is released by the body itself ...
What alternative means are there if heparin is not tolerated?
Although rare, there are people who can not tolerate heparin. Possible is the appearance of skin or blood picture changes ...
Is the self-measurement of the coagulation values ​​also possible when injecting heparin?
No, the device for self-measurement of blood coagulation values ​​is only suitable if coagulants from the group of coumarin derivatives are used as ...
Heparin treatment during pregnancy: Can you still give birth naturally?
Most pregnant women can naturally deliver their child despite the anticoagulant therapy. A heparin treatment is so ...
Is it also permissible to put on a PDA (epidural anesthetic) for labor pains if heparin is used to dilute the blood?
Yes, but this requires a planned approach. Because between the laying of the catheter for the PDA and the last heparin injection must be a ...
Are there alternatives to treatment with Marcumar®?
Yes. The active ingredient of Marcumar® is phenprocoumon. In addition to phenprocoumon, there are two other active ingredients in the coumarins group: warfarin and ...
Is there an "antidote" for anticoagulants like Marcumar®?
Yes, the effect of anticoagulant tablets such as Marcumar® can be remedied by medication. And with vitamin K. The background: ...
What is Marcumar®?
Marcumar® and Falithrom® are trade names for Phenprocoumon, an anticoagulant. Mostly prescribed in Germany is ...
How do coumarin derivatives work?
Coumarin derivatives or coumarin derivatives are derived from phytochemicals, the coumarins. Today synthetically manufactured ...
Under which trade names are the active ingredients Phenprocoumon, Warfarin and Acenocoumarol available?
The active ingredients phenprocoumon, warfarin and acenocoumarol, all anticoagulants of the group of coumarin derivatives, are used in various countries ...
image Can I drink alcohol when taking blood thinning tablets like Marcumar®?
Occasional consumption of alcohol in moderation is permitted under treatment with coumarin derivatives (Marcumar® et al.). Regular or ...
Can I just sell anticoagulant tablets like Marcumar®?
No, under no circumstances may one discontinue treatment with anticoagulant tablets (coumarin derivatives). Because in the episode ...
Are acetylsalicylic acid (ASA, Aspirin®) and heparin an alternative to Marcumar®?
No, as a rule, acetylsalicylic acid (ASA, Aspirin®) can not be used as an alternative to coumarins such as Marcumar®. Because ASS influences the ...
Do I have to forgo vitamin K-rich foods like spinach and kale when taking Marcumar or other blood thinners?
No, you do not have to do without food. Although an increased intake of the vitamin can reduce the anticoagulant effect of Marcumar® ...
What is Konakion®?
Konakion® is a vitamin K supplement. Konakion® can be given to prevent (over) the efficacy of coumarin anticoagulants ...
What are the side effects of treatment with Phenprocoumon (Marcumar®)?
With a good dose setting Phenprocoumon (among others: Marcumar®) rarely causes side effects. Nevertheless, in individual cases ...
Can treatment with Marcumar® or similar supplements be the cause of blood in the urine?
Yes, blood in the urine may be under treatment with Marcumar®. Basically, if visible discoloration of the urine, it can ...
Can hair loss occur when treated with Marcumar® (Phenprocoumon)?
Yes, occasionally hair loss may occur when treated with the anticoagulant Phenprocoumon (Marcumar®). For those affected, this is often ...
Is it true that you can get a headache while being treated with Marcumar®?
Headaches are actually repeatedly described by people taking Marcumar®. Even chronic headaches sometimes come ...
Do all coumarin anticoagulants (Marcumar® et al.) Have the same side effects?
Yes, the different active ingredients (Marcumar®, Falithrom®, Sinthrom®, Coumadin®) have the same potential side effects. Is the...
How does hirudin work?
The protein Hirudin comes from the saliva of the leech and has anticoagulant properties. It suppresses different coagulation factors, ...
Which animal is hirudin extracted from?
From the leech. Specifically, from the saliva of the leech. Sounds disgusting, but proves that the leech applications in the ...
What does the INR value mean?
Since, depending on the examination method and the laboratory, the Quick-value for the measurement of blood coagulation can be different, nowadays it is often necessary to ...
What does the Quick value say?
The Quick value is a measure of the function of various coagulation factors involved in blood clotting. The quick value will also ...
How does the self-measurement of the coagulation values ​​(INR value) work?
If you want to measure your own blood clotting yourself or if a relative has agreed to do it, there are small portable electronic ...
Do stress and emotional or physical stress influence the coagulation values?
Yes, that is possible and described several times scientifically. Stress can lead to increased INR values ​​(= lower blood clotting), which can be ...
image What to do if the INR value is too high?
At the beginning of treatment with anticoagulants, it is usually determined exactly how much the coagulation by the blood thinner ...
Can I also measure my own coagulation values ​​(INR value)?
Yes, and that's even recommended. It is quite possible today to monitor your own coagulation values ​​yourself and also the ...
Increased menstrual bleeding through the blood thinner: what to do?
It may happen that anticoagulant treatment with coumarins leads to increased menstrual bleeding. Will the heavy bleeding be ...
How often do you have to control your own coagulation value?
As a rule, the once-weekly control of the coagulation values ​​is sufficient if the values ​​are checked with a coagulation monitor.
Self-measurement of blood coagulation values: Do I still have to go to the doctor?
Yes, your doctor will of course remain your contact for blood clotting. At regular intervals, despite the ...
Can I still do sports if I take anticoagulants like Marcumar®?
Basically, you can also run all sports under treatment with Marcumar® or similar blood thinners - provided that these ...
What to do if there is more bleeding on Marcumar® or other coumarins?
Minor superficial injuries, nosebleeds or bleeding gums are usually not a major problem. Nosebleeds help nasal sprays that ...
When should one not take anticoagulants such as coumarin derivatives?
Under different conditions it is not allowed to take coumarin derivatives. These are v. A. Illnesses in which increased ...
Is it true that coumarins are also used as rat poison?
Yes that's right. Rats are very intelligent and are very sensitive to food-borne toxins when they are very fast ...
Can you easily change your diet when you are taking Marcumar® or a similar blood thinner, e.g. on a low-fat diet?
All of a sudden you should not change your diet, v. A. then not if the clotting values ​​(INR value) are not regularly ...
Marcumar® reduction before surgery: From which INR value is overlapping coagulation inhibition with heparin possible?
Before surgery or other medical procedures, there is often a reduction in Marcumar® or similar anticoagulants and a ...
Do I have to withdraw Marcumar® (or other blood thinners) before dental treatment?
No, not usually. Almost all dental treatments can be treated with anticoagulant treatment with coumarins such as Marcumar® ...
Can I get vaccinated against Marcumar® treatment for the flu?
Yes, there is no special risk here. Because the flu vaccine is administered subcutaneously, i. the vaccine gets under the skin in the ...
Do I have to inform my dentist that I am taking anticoagulants?
Yes, the dentist, as well as other treating physicians, must be informed about anticoagulant treatment. On...
Is back-injection (ischialgia) an injection into the spinal canal dangerous if you take anticoagulant?
Yes, treatment with oral anticoagulants (bleeding tablets) may cause bleeding in such injections, which may cause important ...
Which analgesics can I still take if I am under treatment with blood thinners like Marcumar®?
Many common analgesics, including acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and ibuprofen, interact with coumarins such as Marcumar®. You can become a ...
Can I still take painkillers while taking blood thinners like Marcumar®?
Yes, however, a few precautionary measures must be taken with some common painkillers. For analgesics from the group of ...
May other medicines be injected into the muscle when treated with Marcumar® (phenprocoumon)?
No, it is generally forbidden to inject into the muscle when taking anticoagulation tablets. For it...
Are there drugs that increase the effects of coumarin derivatives?
Yes, some medications can increase the effectiveness of coumarin derivatives. An enhanced effect may be accompanied by an additional treatment with ...
Do cortisone sprays change the coagulation levels when treated with blood thinners?
In the case of topical application of cortisone (sprays, ointments), no changes in the coagulation values ​​(INR values) are to be expected. Anders sees ...
Which drugs affect the blood clots, which affect the platelets?
Basically, there are various ways to influence the coagulation of the blood or the formation of blood clots ...
Can you still take blood thinners (anticoagulation) with a cancer?
Yes, especially if you suspect an increased risk of thrombosis and embolism, this can be very important. Especially at the time of surgery ...
Which diseases require treatment with platelet aggregation inhibitors?
Antiplatelet agents are agents that enhance the ability of platelets to adhere to each other (platelet aggregation), ...
How does ticlopidine (Tiklid®) work?
The antiplatelet ticlopidine is a blood thinner. Ticlopidine is an option if acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) is not tolerated ....
What are the side effects of Clopidogrel (Plavix®, Iscover®)?
Like almost any drug, clopidogrel can cause side effects. Compared to acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), gastrointestinal discomfort ...
Why is treatment with Clopidogrel (Plavix®, Iscover®) particularly important after implantation of a vascular support?
Similar to acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), clopidogrel inhibits the deposition of platelets in damaged vessels (platelet aggregation) ....
Is the risk of bleeding increased with a combination of clopidogrel and acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)?
Yes, the effect of the two blood thinners (antiplatelet agents) is even more pronounced. That's why the ...
Does clopidogrel resistance worsen the prognosis for the heart?
Unfortunately yes. Non-response to clopidogrel is associated with more frequent reocclusions of stents. The risk for a ...
Is there a clopidogrel resistance?
Yes, not all people who are treated with so-called antiplatelet agents respond immediately to the drugs used. This...
Is it true that ACE inhibitors sometimes cause coughing?
Yes, coughing is a common and common side effect of ACE inhibitors. This is a dry, irritating cough that is usually found within the ...
Why is the level of potassium regularly checked when taking ACE inhibitors?
ACE inhibitors influence not only their other effects but also kidney function. It tends to get more fluid during treatment ...
Why does it often make sense to take the ACE inhibitor in the evening?
Due to the antihypertensive effect of ACE inhibitors, dizziness, tiredness, drowsiness and vision problems may occur especially at the beginning of ...
Can hair loss occur when treated with ACE inhibitors?
Yes, that is rather rare. Hair loss with ACE inhibitors is a diffuse, not local, condition.
Can I take ACE inhibitors even if I have asthmatic symptoms?
Taking ACE inhibitors may cause respiratory irritation. This can cause chronic cough, but rarely asthma and ...
Can analgesics reduce the effectiveness of ACE inhibitors?
The concomitant use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as diclofenac and ibuprofen may ...
Are there drugs that increase the antihypertensive effect of ACE inhibitors?
ACE inhibitors increase blood pressure. This is also desirable in the treatment of elevated blood pressure. ...
Can rheumatism drugs be the cause of a lack of efficacy of ACE inhibitors?
Yes. Rheumatoid drugs, so-called anti-inflammatory drugs, are anti-inflammatory analgesics. You will also get non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) ...
ACE inhibitors: Which other medicines are then questionable?
Negative effects can occur with the combination of ACE inhibitors with the following medications (just a selection, please also the ...
Can Sartane improve erectile dysfunction?
Yes, hypertensive sartans such as valsartan (Diovan®, Cordinate®, Provas®), candesartan (Atacand®, Blopress®) and losartan (Lorzaar®, ...
image What are Sartans?
Sartans are a group of drugs that, like the ACE inhibitors, reduce blood pressure. Accordingly, they are hypertensive, heart failure, ...
What is the advantage of Sartane over ACE inhibitors?
Sartans are a treatment option if ACE inhibitors are not tolerated. Because of the relatively frequent treatment with ACE inhibitors ...
Does the health insurance paid the expensive Sartane?
Yes, if due to an intolerance of ACE inhibitors, usually a chronic irritant cough, Sartane be prescribed, on the other hand is nothing ...
Why should not Sartane and ACE inhibitors be taken together?
Each class of substance is very effective in treating high blood pressure and also protects the kidneys. That's why they initially suspected ...
What are the side effects of Sartane?
Sartans are comparatively well tolerated drugs and have fewer side effects than ACE inhibitors. Under a treatment with Sartanen ...
When should Sartane not be taken?
Due to the potentially harmful effect on the unborn child, Sartane should not or must not be used during pregnancy and lactation ...
Is the risk of cancer increased when treated with sartans?
No, although a large study analysis in 2010 found a link between treatment with Sartanen and an increased risk of cancer ...
Why should not Sartane be taken during pregnancy?
In the second and third trimester of pregnancy, treatment with Sartanen may lead to malformations of the unborn child. ...
What are calcium blockers or calcium antagonists?
Calcium blockers or calcium channel blockers (also calcium channel antagonists) are effective drugs for the treatment of vascular and heart diseases ....
Can calcium antagonists be taken with heart failure?
In heart failure (heart failure), the intake of calcium looseners is often unfavorable, because they reduce the power of the heart and ...
Do foods affect the effectiveness of calcium blockers?
Grapefruit and grapefruit juice can inhibit the breakdown of some calcium blockers in the liver. It may cause symptoms of overdose with ...
Can calcium blockers improve a migraine?
Yes, calcium blockers are vasoactive substances that relax the vessels. In the migraine is also a process on the vessels ...
Which drugs or drugs are nifedipine-type calcium antagonists?
The active substances of the calcium antagonists of the nifedipine type, also referred to as dihydropyridines, and their trade names are, for example: nifedipine: ...
What are nifedipine-type calcium antagonists?
Nifedipine-type calcium antagonists are also referred to as dihydropyridines. Commercial preparations such as Adalat®, Bayotensin®, Norvasc® and ...
When does the drug nifedipine help?
Above all, nifedipine is a remedy for high blood pressure. The active ingredient relaxes the muscles of the blood vessels. As a result, these ...
What side effects can occur with amlodipine?
Amlodipine is one of the calcium channel blockers. Its effect on blood pressure and heart vessels unfolds the drug mainly by a Weitstellung ...
How does amlodipine affect heart and blood pressure?
Amlodipine has two main effects: it lowers blood pressure and it promotes cardiac blood flow in constricted heart vessels. This is Amlodipin a ...
What are calcium antagonists of the verapamil type?
These calcium antagonists, also known as phenylalkylamines, act on both smooth muscle cells of the vessels and cardiomyocytes ....
Can constipation come under Verapamil?
Yes, treatment with verapamil can cause indigestion and constipation. Among them, about 10% of ...
Which active substances or medicines are calcium antagonists of the verapamil type?
Agents of this group of calcium antagonists (phenylalkylamines) are verapamil and gallopamil. The trade names are e.g. Isoptin® ...
What side effects can occur with verapamil?
Overall, the active substance verapamil is very well tolerated and, with the right dosage and application, in the majority of cases does not cause ...
What medications are Vera, Vera-Lich, Verabeta, Verahexal, Veramax or Verasal?
All drugs mentioned contain the same active ingredient: verapamil. So Vera, Vera-Lich, Verabeta, Verahexal, Veramax and Verasal are all ...
What are diltiazem-type calcium antagonists?
This group of calcium antagonists are also referred to as benzothiazepines. They take an intermediate position between the other two groups ...
Which drugs or drugs are calcium antagonists of the diltiazem type?
The most important substance in the group of diltiazem-type calcium antagonists (benzothiazepines) is diltiazem. Trade names are Dilsal®, Diltiuc® and ...
Does calcium blocker damage the bone?
No, due to the name calcium blocker, one might suspect that the bone calcium is also inhibited - but this is not the case ....
Can you experience headache and dizziness when taking calcium blockers?
Yes, headaches and dizziness are known side effects of all calcium blockers. Because they all act on the smooth muscle cells of the vessels and ...
How is an overdose of calcium blockers noticeable?
Excessive levels of calcium blockers in the blood can cause a sharp fall in blood pressure. Symptoms such as fast pulse, tachycardia, ...
Are calcium blockers compatible with antibiotics?
Certain antibiotics that are broken down in the liver via the same metabolic pathway as calcium blockers can be treated with the blood pressure ...
Do calcium blockers have an effect on Parkinson's disease?
Yes. Apparently, different calcium blockers (calcium antagonists) can affect Parkinson's disease differently. Calcium blockers are ...
What are the side effects of diuretics?
There are different diuretics (popular: dehydration tablets), which can also have various side effects. Generally, in the case of ...
Is it true that diuretics can lead to potassium deficiency?
Yes. However, this undesirable side effect of diuretics (medical term for dehydration tablets) is different, depending ...
Which diuretics (dehydration drugs) can cause erectile dysfunction in men?
Under treatment with the dehydrating agents from the group of the Thiazide (Clopamid, Hydrochlorothiazid) and Spironolacton it can in rare ...
What can be done about diuretic increase in blood sugar?
Ingestion of potassium may counteract the blood sugar enhancing activity of some diuretics (dehydration tablets). Also effective is a ...
Why can diuretics sometimes lead to erectile problems?
Some diuretics have an inhibitory effect on the male sex hormone testosterone. Thiazides and related substances such as ...
In which heart complaints is the Adonis flower (Adonis verdura) used?
The medicinal plant Adonisröschen is mainly used to support heart failure. Even with other lighter heart problems, for ...
What kind of medication is Ramipril? And how does it work?
Ramipril belongs to the group of ACE inhibitors. These are medicines that are effective in both high blood pressure and chronic heart failure ...
What side effects can occur with Atenolol?
Atenolol (e.g., Juvental®, Tenormin®) is a beta-blocker. The main effect is based on the inhibition of certain stress hormones, which ...
What is a heart drug Atenolol?
Atenolol is a beta-blocker. By inhibiting the so-called beta-1 receptors (β1-adrenoceptors), atenolol, among other things, lowers the heart rate ...
What side effects can occur with metoprolol?
The beta-blocker metoprolol is generally considered to be well tolerated. When problems arise, patient reports on the Internet are dizzy, ...
How and how does Metoprolol work?
Metoprolol belongs to the group of beta-receptor blockers, beta-blockers for short. Like almost all beta-blockers, metoprolol lowers blood pressure and ...
How does Metohexal work against high blood pressure, heart failure and cardiac arrhythmia?
Metohexal® contains the active substance metoprolol. This is a beta blocker. Beta-blockers like metoprolol lower heart rate and blood pressure and ...
When should Metoprolol not be taken?
If you suffer from heart failure that is already affecting you (decompensated heart failure), you may use beta-blockers such as ...
How does Beloc work against hypertension, heart failure and arrhythmia?
Beloc® contains the active substance metoprolol. This is a beta blocker. Beta-blockers like metoprolol lower heart rate and blood pressure and can ...
How does the drug Adalat work?
Adalat® contains the active substance nifedipine. It is a so-called calcium blocker, or more precisely a calcium channel blocker ....
How does the drug Corinfar work?
Corinfar® contains the active substance nifedipine. It is a so-called calcium blocker, or more precisely a calcium channel blocker ....
How does the drug Nifical work?
Nifical® contains the active ingredient nifedipine. It is a so-called calcium blocker, or more precisely a calcium channel blocker ....
How does the drug Aprical work?
Aprical® contains the active substance nifedipine. It is a so-called calcium blocker, or more precisely a calcium channel blocker ....
How does the drug Duranifin work?
Duranifin® contains the active substance nifedipine. This is a so-called calcium blocker, or more precisely a ...
How does the blood pressure medicine Bayotensin work?
Bayotensin® contains the active ingredient nitrendipine. The drug lowers blood pressure primarily by dilating the blood vessels. Thereby...
What side effects can occur with Lisinopril?
Overall, lisinopril is generally well tolerated.Most side effects arise from the spectrum of action of the ACE inhibitor, ie from the ...
How does lisinopril affect blood pressure and heart?
Lisinopril lowers blood pressure and relieves the heart. Accordingly, the drug is mainly used in hypertension or heart failure (or ...
How do Lisi-Puren, Lisi-Lich, Lisi-Henning, LisiHEXAL or Lisigamma work?
All drugs mentioned contain the active substance lisinopril. These are only preparations from different manufacturers, all completely ...
How does the drug Acerbon work?
Acerbon® contains the active substance lisinopril. This is an ACE inhibitor that lowers blood pressure and relieves the heart. The effect is based on a ...
How does captopril affect blood pressure and heart?
Captopril is one of the ACE inhibitors. All medications in this group lower blood pressure and relieve the heart. ACE inhibitors such as captopril are ...
What side effects can occur with captopril?
The side effects of captopril derive mainly from its mode of action and are more or less applicable to the entire group of ACE inhibitors ....
What side effects can occur with Lopirin cor?
Lopirin cor contains the active substance captopril. The remedy relaxes the blood vessels and lowers the blood pressure, which also relieves the heart ....
What side effects can occur with Tensobon?
Tensobon® contains the active substance captopril. The agent relaxes the blood vessels and lowers the blood pressure, which also relieves the heart. Out...
Capto Puren, Capto-CT, Captobeta, Captogamma, Captohexal: What side effects can these preparations have?
All of the preparations mentioned, ie Capto Puren®, Capto-CT®, Captobeta®, Captogamma® and Captohexal®, contain the active ingredient captopril. The middle...
What side effects can occur with bisoprolol?
The beta-blocker bisoprolol is used primarily for the treatment of hypertension, angina pectoris and heart failure. Overall, the ...
image What are the effects of bisoprolol?
The active ingredient bisoprolol belongs to the group of beta-blockers. The main effect is a calming of the heart, so in a slower ...
When should bisoprolol not be taken?
There are situations in which the beta-blocker bisoprolol must not be taken. Unfortunately, it is not a matter of course that the ...
What effects and side effects does Concor have?
Concor® contains the active ingredient bisoprolol. This is a beta blocker. The drug slows the heartbeat, lowers the heart load and in the ...
What side effects can occur with candesartan?
Candesartan is generally quite well tolerated, but of course still cause side effects. The most common side effects ...
What must be considered when taking candesartan?
Candesartan belongs to the active ingredient group of sartans, which are also referred to as angiotensin receptor blockers or AT1 antagonists. You will be...
Can sartans like candesartan cause cancer?
No, not alone. This suspicion, which arose some years ago, was not confirmed in further investigations. Luckily. ...
How does candesartan work against high blood pressure and heart failure?
Candesartan is a drug from the group called sartans. All medicines in this group relax and dilate the blood vessels and ...
What side effects can Carvedilol cause?
The beta-blocker carvedilol blocks three different types of receptors (ß1-, ß2- and α1-adrenoceptors), which are found in the heart and vascular system of the ...
How does Carvedilol work?
Carvedilol is a beta blocker. The prescription drug (brand names such as Dilatrend®, Querto®) is used to treat ...
When should one not take Carvedilol?
Do not take the beta-blocker Carvedilol (Dilatrend®, Dimetil®, Querto®) if your previously asymptomatic heart failure suddenly ...
What are the side effects of taking Dilatrend?
Dilatrend® is a beta blocker. The active substance is called carvedilol. The effect of Dilatrend® is mainly due to a calming of the heart, and ...
What side effects can cause Querta?
Querta® is a beta blocker. The active substance is called carvedilol. The effect of Querta® is mainly due to a calming of the heart, namely ...
What side effects can occur with Enalapril?
Especially at the beginning of treatment with the ACE inhibitor enalapril, the blood pressure can be lowered too much. Symptoms are dizziness, ...
How does Enalapril work?
Enalapril is a prescription drug from the group of ACE inhibitors. It is used for treatment of high blood pressure (hypertension) and ...
What side effects can Hydrochlorothiazide have?
All in all, hydrochlorothiazide is usually well tolerated when dosed correctly. As a very common side effect apply increased ...
What side effects can occur with HCT?
HCT is the abbreviation of hydrochlorothiazide, a diuretic. There are HCT from different manufacturers, for example HCT beta or HCT Hexal ....
How does the dehydrating agent hydrochlorothiazide work?
Hydrochlorothiazide (HCT) is a diuretic. Such dehydrating agents are also called diuretics. Hydrochlorothiazide is ...
When should hydrochlorothiazide not be taken?
Hydrochlorothiazide is a dehydrating agent (diuretic) that is prescribed primarily for lowering blood pressure. If your salt balance is already ...
What side effects can occur with Esidrix?
Esidrix® contains the active ingredient hydrochlorothiazide. It is a diuretic. Hydrochlorothiazide "dehydrates" the body in which it is ...
What side effects can Lercanidipine have?
The calcium channel blocker and antihypertensive agent lercanidipine (trade name: Carmen®, Corifeo®) is comparatively well tolerated. Side effects ...
Why should you take Lercanidipine before a meal?
The hypertension agent lercanidipine (trade name: Carmen®, Corifeo®) must be taken with sufficient space before a meal. In order to...
When should lercanidipine not be taken?
Lercanidipine is a third-generation calcium antagonist used to treat mild to moderate high blood pressure. In...
How does lercanidipine work against high blood pressure?
The active substance lercanidipine is a calcium antagonist, which is used to lower blood pressure. Biochemically, he belongs to the group of ...
What side effects can occur with Corifeo?
The antihypertensive Corifeo® is considered to be very well tolerated. At least if you use the drug with other medicines for too high ...
How does Losartan work?
The active ingredient Losartan is mainly a blood pressure and as a so-called AT1 anatagonist the first of its kind. It first came in 1995 in the US ...
What side effects can occur with losartan?
Like all sartans, losartan is considered to be well tolerated and has few side effects compared to other antihypertensives. Compared to the ACE inhibitors ...
When should losartan not be taken?
The hypotensive Losartan is considered to be well tolerated and low side effects. Also, the list of situations in which this drug is not ...
Why has Losartan become more expensive?
For many prescription drugs, the copayment amount for statutory health insurance is only between 5 and 10 euros. So it was until ...
What side effects can occur with Rasilez (Aliskiren)?
Overall, the antihypertensive agent aliskiren (Rasilez®, Riprazo®, Sprimeo®, Tekturna®) is considered to be comparatively well tolerated. The drug is ...
How does aliskiren affect blood pressure?
The active substance aliskiren (trade names: Rasilez®, Riprazo®, Sprimeo®, Tekturna®) is a blood pressure reducer based on a new active principle ....
When should Aliskiren (Rasilez) not be taken?
The renin inhibitor aliskiren (for example, Rasilez®) is prescribed as a blood pressure reducer by the doctor. Because of its fruit-damaging effect may the ...
What side effects do blood thinners like Pradaxa and Xarelto have?
The biggest problem and the most common side effect of any medication that greatly dilutes the blood is bleeding. These include light weight ...
How do I measure my pulse?
If you have enough time, you should rest for five minutes before measuring the pulse. This is the only way to get reliable values. Sitting is there ...
How can one protect the heart and circulation in high heat?
Temperatures over 25 ° C, no cooling at night, high humidity - such summer heat spells are a real treat for our body ...
How Does "Stop Smoking" Affect Cardiovascular Risk?
Anyone who gives up smoking can very quickly expect improvements in their health. Even a smoke-free day improves the smell and ...
What effects does stress have on the body?
Stress is generally a body reaction to challenges. Originally, this body reaction was used to man in threatening ...
What does brushing have to do with a healthy heart?
Brushing twice a day protects the heart and vessels. Those who comply with this minimum amount have a significantly lower risk of serious ...
image Where is the main artery (aorta) located?
The main artery (aorta) originates from the left ventricle. It transports the oxygen-rich blood into the chest and abdomen, ...
What is the task of the coronary arteries?
The coronary vessels are arteries that carry oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle, so that it is well cared for. One speaks also of ...
What role do minerals play in the heart and circulation?
For the excitement and the pumping work of the heart muscle cells, a complex biochemical process is necessary. Relaxation and tension of ...
How does the excitation control work at heart?
The origin of heart activity lies in the formation of electrical impulses. These pulses are then forwarded via several stations and ...
What are veins?
Veins are the blood vessels with the highest storage capacity for the blood of the body. They usually transport low-oxygen blood from the ...
When should the blood potassium and magnesium levels be checked?
The electrolytes potassium and magnesium should be checked regularly, especially when taking certain medications. The reason: degraded ...
How high should the potassium and magnesium levels in the blood be?
The standard range for potassium in blood serum is 3.6 to 4.8 mmol per liter. For magnesium 0.7 to 1.05 mmol / l. Especially people with ...
Which foods contain a lot of potassium?
The following foods, in particular, contain a lot of potassium: Fruits in general (mainly bananas) Dried fruits Potatoes Fennel ...
Can a potassium / magnesium deficiency be balanced with the diet?
It is often sufficient to eat enough potassium and magnesium to increase the blood level of these minerals. Potassium empires are ...
Is it possible to compensate for a potassium deficiency or magnesium deficiency with dietary supplements?
No. If a diet rich in potassium and magnesium fails, the serum levels of potassium and magnesium will be sufficiently high ...
Which foods contain a lot of magnesium?
Magnesium is found, for example, in foods such as bananas, berries, fish, legumes and potatoes. These are just examples. In ...
Can too much liquorice increase blood pressure?
Yes, if you regularly eat large amounts of licorice, it can increase your blood pressure. Licorice affects the regulation of blood pressure, ...
Where can I get information about heart sports groups in my area?
Usually, the attending physician can name a heart sports group in your area. The German Society for Prevention and Rehabilitation of ...
Why is sports so important for hypertension and heart disease?
Sport has a positive effect on people with high blood pressure and heart disease. Adequate physical stress expands the vessels and ...
Is it allowed to do sports during or after an infection?
In case of an infection, even if it goes without fever, you should definitely refrain from physical stress first. This is also valid...
Is not a sport much better than no sport at all?
Yes, exercise is beneficial in all respects for high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease. Can not do three to four times a week training ...
How do I protect myself from heart attacks or cardiac death during sports?
The most important thing in sports activities and especially in their recovery after prolonged abstinence is: Your common sense. The...
How do you recognize an embolism?
An embolism is a sudden, ie acute event. If a correspondingly large arterial vessel is blocked, the blood circulation is ...
What is an embolism?
The sudden closure of a blood vessel is called embolism. The cause is a washed-in plug - a so-called embolus, the ...
What does sudden cardiac death mean?
Sudden cardiac death can occur as a result of cardiac arrhythmias. This danger is most likely when the arrhythmia in the ...
How can I deal with my anxiety due to my heart rhythm disorder?
Cardiac arrhythmias are often associated with unpleasant symptoms that can make the person very unsettled and frightened. But are ...
What consequences can an increased potassium level in the blood have?
As with a low potassium level in the blood, increased potassium levels (hyperkalaemia) can trigger cardiac arrhythmias and ...
What causes can a potassium deficiency in the blood have?
A potassium deficiency can have different causes. Possible is an insufficient intake of the electrolyte with the food. Also vomiting or ...
Can dehydration tablets (diuretics) be responsible for the potassium deficiency?
Yes, dehydration tablets (diuretics) are more often the cause of potassium deficiency and cardiac arrhythmias. However, that does not apply to ...
How can coronary heart disease lead to cardiac arrhythmias?
In coronary heart disease (CHD), the so-called conduction can be disturbed. The result: The arousal of the heart muscle cells is no longer ...
Is it true that certain psychotropic drugs can cause cardiac arrhythmias?
Yes, possible side effects of neuroleptics (especially prescribed for schizophrenia) affect the heart. Both older and ...
What does the potassium level have to do with cardiac arrhythmias?
The electrolyte potassium has great importance for the metabolism of muscle and nerve cells and the neuromuscular conduction. Too high ...
Is stumbling always dangerous?
No, heart stumbling is in many cases harmless. Many people suffer now and then under so-called extrasystoles of the heart. Extrasystoles are ...
Which cardiac arrhythmias are there?
Cardiac arrhythmias are various disorders of the heartbeat sequence. The heart rhythm may be too slow, too fast or ...
Is a heartbeat of less than 60 beats per minute always pathological?
No. Athletes with well-trained hearts are more likely to have a heart rate below 60 beats per minute. Your heart muscle is ...
What is a loop recorder?
A so-called loop recorder permanently records an ECG via skin electrodes, but usually deletes it after 30 seconds. The data...
What is an event recorder?
Cardiac arrhythmias do not have to occur regularly. They are therefore sometimes not reliable in electrocardiography (ECG) and ...
Can I reliably measure my own heart rate?
Yes, pulse self-assessment is even recommended for older people to check their heart rate. In this way, one can ...
What is an electrophysiological examination of the heart (EPU)?
An electrophysiological examination, or EPU for short, is a diagnosis performed directly on the heart that allows the origin of ...
Is a permanent and long-term monitoring of cardiac arrhythmias possible?
Yes, permanent monitoring of cardiac arrhythmias is possible. It may be useful if the long-term ECG is not meaningful ...
Which symptoms are caused by cardiac arrhythmias?
Cardiac arrhythmias do not always lead to symptoms. Many people do not suspect their heart rhythm disorder. Possible...
What can trigger atrial fibrillation?
In some people, atrial fibrillation occurs unpredictably and seemingly random, so they can not name triggering situations ....
image What symptoms causes atrial fibrillation?
Often not at all. Atrial fibrillation does not cause subjective complaints in all cases. Unfortunately, one has to say almost. Because that's why ...
What increases the risk of atrial fibrillation?
Various factors favor the development of atrial fibrillation. These are enlargements, overstretchings and changes in the structure of ...
Does atrial fibrillation occur continuously or only occasionally?
There are three different types of atrial fibrillation: Atrial fibrillation occurs as a seizure and can last for up to 48 hours. The...
What does "Holiday Heart Syndrome" mean?
From the fact that various factors such as alcohol consumption can trigger acute atrial fibrillation, the term ...
What are the dangers of electric cardioversion?
Fortunately, electrical cardioversion is rarely associated with side effects or complications, and if so, more likely because of anesthesia. ...
What helps with atrial fibrillation against the formation of blood clots?
So that no blood clots form during the atrial fibrillation or the blood does not clump, those affected receive blood thinning medication, ...
How is atrial fibrillation treated?
There are several ways of treating atrial fibrillation. The primary goal is to normal heart rhythm, sinus rhythm, ...
Can you permanently eliminate atrial fibrillation with medication?
In most cases, atrial fibrillation can not be suppressed permanently even with the use of medication. However, sometimes it is enough, only the ...
What are the chances of success of an electric cardioversion?
Immediately after electrical cardioversion, the success rate is about 90%, i. a large part of the treated can be in the normal ...
Does my life expectancy decrease with atrial fibrillation?
No, atrial fibrillation does not have to affect life expectancy when treating the arrhythmia. Especially in people under 65 ...
Can one die of atrial fibrillation?
No, nobody has to die directly from atrial fibrillation. However, the consequences of the flicker can be life threatening, such as when in the ...
Why does atrial fibrillation often worsen over time?
The atrial fibrillation itself leads to further changes of the cardiomyocytes in the area of ​​the atria, which maintain the process of flicker ....
Does Transient Atrial Fibrillation Always Develop into Chronic Atrial Fibrillation?
Whether a single event of atrial fibrillation or of episodic atrial fibrillation turns into a chronic arrhythmia leaves ...
What dangers threaten with atrial fibrillation?
Flickers the muscles of the atrium, an effective pumping of the blood is no longer possible. The blood builds up, making it easy to ...
What are the side effects of catheter ablation?
Overall, serious side effects are rare in catheter ablation. But unfortunately they are not excluded. So it can be during the ...
What do you have to consider after catheter ablation?
After removing the catheters and connecting the puncture sites, you need to hold bed rest for several hours to avoid rebleeding. ...
Is post-treatment necessary after catheter ablation?
Following catheter ablation, a blood-thinning treatment lasting at least two to three months is required after treatment, so that no ...
Can catheter ablation lead to serious complications?
Yes, but that is rarely the case. Catheter ablation is a gentle procedure, and serious complications are usually not ...
For whom is the catheter ablation in question?
Above all, catheter ablation can help people who suffer from "fast" cardiac arrhythmias. The origin of the ...
Are beta-blockers effective against cardiac arrhythmias?
Yes, beta-blockers all have antiarrhythmic activity and act on both supraventricular (arrhythmia in front of the ventricle ...
Does a cardiac arrhythmia always need to be treated?
No, not every cardiac arrhythmia needs treatment. You have to be harmless of potentially dangerous or acutely dangerous ...
When does an AV block have to be treated?
If the cause of the AV block is a disease or medication, you should start here. Medicines can be sold or replaced by others ....
Why is a 3rd degree AV block potentially life threatening?
In addition to short-term loss of consciousness, which are dangerous even because of possible falls and injuries, it can be ...
How is an AV block noticeable?
An AV block of first degree causes no discomfort, as all excitation of the sinus node in the atrium are transferred to the AV node. ...
What is the danger with a 3rd degree AV block?
In a 3rd degree AV-spine, the conduction of excitation in the AV node is completely interrupted, which is why the heart rate is too slow. The...
How is an AV block diagnosed?
The diagnosis of an AV block requires the derivation of an electrocardiogram (ECG). Even a long-term ECG is usually made ....
What are the consequences of too fast a heartbeat (tachycardia)?
All in all, that can not be answered in practice. The consequences of a tachycardia hang u.a. on how fast the heartbeat actually ...
image What is sinus tachycardia?
Sinus tachycardia is too fast a heartbeat (tachycardia) originating in the primary excitation center, the sinus node. Normal...
What can be the cause of too fast a heartbeat?
The fact that the heart beats a little faster during physical exertion, too much coffee or even with emotional excitement, or even rages, knows ...
What is supraventricular tachycardia?
Tachycardia is too fast a heartbeat of over 100 beats per minute. If the origin lies in the upper areas of the ...
What is a ventricular tachycardia?
Ventricular tachycardia is too rapid a heartbeat (tachycardia) of the ventricles. These are often, ...
How is the WPW syndrome treated?
If a WPW syndrome often leads to discomfort or if other heart diseases are present as well, one should ...
What symptoms causes a WPW syndrome?
Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, or WPW syndrome, does not always cause symptoms. Not infrequently, it happens on the occasion of ...
Do you have to undergo surgery for a WPW syndrome?
Not everyone with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW syndrome) needs treatment. Whether a therapeutic intervention is necessary depends on the ...
What is a WPW syndrome?
Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, or WPW syndrome for short, is a cardiac arrhythmia. Cause is the innate additional presence ...
How does ventricular fibrillation become noticeable?
Flickering of the ventricles no longer promotes blood. The affected person collapses and is unconscious. There is no blood pressure and ...
What causes ventricular fibrillation?
Often a deficiency supply of the heart muscle with blood is the cause of the ventricular fibrillation. It can trigger diseases of the heart, ...
Can one protect oneself against ventricular fibrillation?
Many cases of ventricular fibrillation and sudden cardiac death could be avoided if underlying diseases are diagnosed in good time and ...
What is the prognosis for ventricular fibrillation?
If ventricular fibrillation occurs, a race against time begins. Without help, in principle, there is no chance to survive, because with ventricular fibrillation ...
What is ventricular fibrillation?
Fibrillation of the ventricles are very fast, uncoordinated and chaotic contractions of the heart muscle. The heart beats over ...
May I use a defibrillator as a layman?
Yes, meanwhile there are defibrillators in many public places like airports, which can also serve laymen. The handling of the ...
How does defibrillation work?
Defibrillation is an electrical treatment for ventricular flutter and ventricular fibrillation, to prevent the much too fast, chaotic and unproductive ...
Can I as a layman do something wrong with people with cardiac arrest?
No, people with cardiac arrest are dependent on any help and it is not enough just to notify the ambulance and do nothing ...
What should be considered in the 24-hour blood pressure measurement?
The aim of the long-term blood pressure measurement is to determine the blood pressure values ​​during a normal daily routine. That's why on the day of ...
At what time should the blood pressure be measured?
The blood pressure should be measured if possible in the morning. Before that one should not take any medication and drink no coffee or alcohol since ...
How does the long-term blood pressure measurement work?
Blood pressure can be recorded on a portable recorder for 24 hours. The then automatic blood pressure measurement in ...
Is it high blood pressure when the blood pressure values ​​vary greatly during the day?
In some people, the blood pressure fluctuates, so sometimes during the day they have quite high values ​​and then again lower values. These...
Why is my blood pressure higher at the doctor's than at home?
If the blood pressure measured at the doctor's office is higher than at home, it is often due to the fact that you have not come to rest in the doctor's office ...
How do you notice a high blood pressure?
Many people with high blood pressure do not notice it at all or even feel very well with it. They take themselves as awake and ...
Can blurred vision indicate hypertension?
Yes, visual disturbances can occur acutely in the context of very high blood pressure or as a late symptom of high blood pressure. A permanent ...
Constantly headache: Do I have high blood pressure?
High blood pressure often causes headaches. They can be very different in nature. Again and again ...
Are my problems in bed possibly due to my high blood pressure?
Yes, that is possible. Sexual problems with high blood pressure are more common in both men and women. Cause can be a ...
How many people have high blood pressure without knowing it?
Many people do not know that they have high blood pressure because high blood pressure causes no symptoms for a long time. The...
image Measuring blood pressure: When is the blood pressure too high?
When measuring blood pressure, two values ​​are relevant. The first, higher reading indicates the pressure of the blood in the arterial vasculature, which ...
Why was a blood pressure of 100 plus the age considered to be the upper value than normal, whereas today it is much lower values?
It is known today that the upper blood pressure values ​​previously set with the formula 100 plus age are far too high, especially for the elderly ...
Can an elevated blood pressure return by itself?
Within certain limits, permanently elevated blood pressure levels may decrease again without medical therapy - but not all by itself ....
Are the blood pressure values ​​dependent on the time of day?
Yes, blood pressure typically fluctuates in the 24-hour day, even if you do not do anything special. During the day, the values ​​are ...
What does essential hypertension mean?
Hypertension is divided into two forms: essential primary hypertension can be caused by hereditary factors and risk factors ...
Do you need to be treated if your blood pressure fluctuates greatly?
Some people have a normal blood pressure at times, but then suddenly (sometimes without apparent cause) quite high blood pressure levels. Sometimes ...
Is it still sensible to lower blood pressure in people over the age of 80?
Yes, older and old people also benefit from lower blood pressure levels. It is not necessarily a "normal" blood pressure ...
How low should the blood pressure levels be lowered?
As a rule of thumb, the blood pressure values ​​should be lower than 90 mmHg with the upper value (systolic) below 140 mmHg and lower (diastolic) below 90 mmHg.
Does an elevated blood pressure have to be treated even in older people?
Yes, older people also benefit from lowering their blood pressure if it is too high. Because even with you, the treatment of the ...
Newly diagnosed high blood pressure: Why is it lowered slowly over several weeks?
Since high blood pressure develops over years and the body has adapted to the increased vascular pressures, the blood pressure should not be too ...
image How are thyroid and hypertension related?
The thyroid gland forms important hormones that affect the body's metabolism and also blood pressure. Especially with an over-, but ...
Does the anti-baby pill cause hypertension?
Yes, that is possible, because the female sex hormones influence the blood pressure. It is known that women who are the ...
Can hyperthyroidism cause hypertension?
Yes, an overactive thyroid gland with increased thyroid hormone production can lead to hypertension. ...
Why do women often get hypertension after menopause?
This is due to the hormonal changes that are heralded by the menopause. Women produce significantly after menopause ...
Is high blood pressure hereditary?
The development of high blood pressure usually depends on several factors. Among them, a hereditary component also seems to play a role. So...
Does the antihypertensive activity of beta-blockers start immediately?
No, until the blood pressure drops, usually one to two weeks pass after treatment, sometimes even more. So you have to be patient ....
Do beta-blockers also reduce blood pressure?
Yes, but the hypotensive effect of different beta-blockers is different. Beta blocker of the so-called third ...
What are the disadvantages of beta-blockers in high blood pressure compared to other medications?
Disadvantages compared to other antihypertensives have beta-blockers especially for certain accompanying problems: This applies, for example, for diabetes or ...
What are the benefits of beta-blockers for high blood pressure compared to other medications?
Beta blockers are one of four major groups of drugs for high blood pressure. Usually they are not alone, but in combination with a ...
Are ACE inhibitors or sartans more effective at lowering blood pressure?
Basically, the two groups of drugs do not differ in terms of their hypotensive properties. This resulted in a big ...
Are ACE inhibitors also approved for diabetes?
Yes, people with diabetes (diabetes mellitus) and high blood pressure even benefit from treatment with ACE inhibitors. To the...
High blood pressure: What are the disadvantages of ACE inhibitors compared to other medicines?
Overall, ACE inhibitors are approximately equivalent to other substance classes such as diuretics, calcium antagonists or beta-blockers. Advantages...
High Blood Pressure: What are the benefits of ACE inhibitors over other medicines?
Overall, ACE inhibitors are no better or worse than other antihypertensives such as beta-blockers or diuretics. Mostly ...
How does cold affect blood pressure?
Cold temperatures push up blood pressure because the vessels in the body contract. The result: In winter, it is more common to ...
How much coffee and tea can you drink if you have hypertension?
Coffee and tea are individually different, this also depends on the habituation. The drinks, however, often have a slight ...
Is it safe to work and lift with high blood pressure?
Basically, there is nothing wrong with physical work and sports with hypertension. But be careful when doing activities, ...
Can I go to the sauna with high blood pressure?
Yes, heat dilates the blood vessels, causing the blood pressure to drop. It may therefore be more likely with low blood pressure to complaints, if ...
What can I do to improve my blood pressure?
It is important to eliminate the factors that contributed to the increased blood pressure. Because only then do antihypertensive tablets ...
Is there a connection between hypertension and impotence?
Yes. High blood pressure (hypertension) can lead to sexual disorders in the sense of erectile dysfunction or impotence. Possible...
New onset of vision: Is it age or high blood pressure?
Whether it is impaired vision is a safe presbyopia, in particular, the near-vision affects ...
Is it true that one can become blind through hypertension?
Yes, even if that is an extreme, of course. But as a result of hypertension it can come in any case to serious eye diseases ....
Which organs are often damaged in hypertension?
High blood pressure damages especially organs with many vessels and good blood circulation. First and foremost, the brain, kidneys and ...
Can the ophthalmologist detect a retinal disease due to hypertension?
Yes, the ophthalmologist recognizes constricted blood vessels and typical signs of retinal disease caused by the reflection of the fundus.
What does it mean if your blood pressure levels on the right and left arms are different?
Some side difference in blood pressure between the right and left arms is normal and not dangerous. Differences in the range of 10 to 20 ...
How accurate are blood pressure monitors?
The blood pressure self-check makes it possible to determine whether the blood pressure values ​​in the home environment are within the targeted range. Yet...
On which arm should one measure the blood pressure if there is a side difference in the blood pressure level?
If it is a difference in the normal range (differences in the upper value between right and left to 20 mmHg), you should always ...
Which blood pressure monitor should one buy?
Which device should be purchased at home for blood pressure measurement is not that easy to decide. Because many measuring devices ...
What do you need to watch out for when measuring your blood pressure on the wrist?
As with blood pressure monitoring on the upper arm, it is important to rest for a few minutes while sitting in front of the measurement. In addition, the ...
Do antihypertensive drugs work immediately?
Basically yes. When it comes to lowering blood pressure, one differentiates between emergencies and a long-term attitude. Depending on the situation, medicines will ...
How long must I take antihypertensive medication?
Antihypertensive drugs do not eliminate the cause of high blood pressure, so that with the termination of tablet intake also has no influence ...
Are there any antihypertensive drugs without a prescription?
No, all antihypertensive medicines are subject to prescription. A drug self-treatment is not possible ....
What is better for hypertension: a single drug or several in combination?
Whether a single preparation or a combination of two or more agents is more effective in lowering blood pressure must be considered on a case-by-case basis ...
High blood pressure due to hyperthyroidism: Do you have to take normal antihypertensive medication?
Sometimes, at least temporarily, medications such as beta-blockers are given, especially to normalize cardiac function. In the foreground...
Is it possible to treat hypertension homeopathically?
Yes, you can (even if that many experts reject, because it is not scientifically proven, s.u.). However, one should be relevant ...
Is it possible to lower high blood pressure with acupuncture?
Positive effects of acupuncture on hypertension were actually demonstrated (Circulation 2007; 115: 3121-3129). Especially at low ...
Can one treat high blood pressure by bloodletting?
The bleeding of blood is also called bloodletting and is a medical cure known since antiquity. Until the 19th century ...
Why do not my antihypertensive drugs help?
Even taking multiple medications sometimes does not lower blood pressure sufficiently. It is possible that it is not yet ...
Should I take tablets for high blood pressure if I feel well?
Yes, if you have been diagnosed with high blood pressure (hypertension), which requires medical treatment, it is important to take the tablets, ...
What can be done if the blood pressure in the morning is too high despite the antihypertensive treatment?
If you have high blood pressure in the morning in particular in the morning, in spite of a blood pressure-lowering therapy, it is possible that the medication will not last long ...
My blood pressure medication does not work. What to do?
If a medication to reduce blood pressure has no effect, the doctor can either change the dose, try another drug or ...
What can be done if antihypertensive drugs are the cause of erectile dysfunction?
Whether a drug is the cause of sexual dysfunction, of course, the doctor can judge of course. But he must from the ...
Can I mount with high blood pressure?
Whether mountaineering or mountain biking: If you are already practiced in a sport and your blood pressure is well adjusted, the ...
Is it dangerous to do sports with high blood pressure?
Normally sport is good for blood pressure. With one exception: is the blood pressure already at rest very high (diastolic over 115 mmHg and ...
Are sports such as bungee jumping, hang gliding or skydiving high blood pressure allowed?
These sports focus less on the physical than the psychological burden. Stress reactions can raise blood pressure ...
Can you do competitive sports with hypertension?
This is possible on a case-by-case basis, but when the upper limit for hypertension is reached, it is always up to the attending physician ...
Can you drink coffee, cola or black tea with hypertension?
Yes. Although drinks such as coffee, cola and black tea on the one hand vasoconstricting and increasing blood pressure, but not everywhere in the body, so ...
How much alcohol can I drink if I have high blood pressure?
More than 30 grams of alcohol (equivalent to half a liter of wine or a liter of beer) increase the blood pressure relevant and should therefore ...
image Can I still eat liquorice with high blood pressure?
Better not. In hypertension should be dispensed liquorice, advises the Association of German internists. The reason: licorice increases over ...
What is the best diet for hypertension?
Also, high blood pressure has something to do with nutrition. Even a lot. Above all, you should do without too many animal fats ....
Which foods lower blood pressure?
Overall, a healthy, balanced diet has a positive effect on blood pressure.We often take too much animal fat, too much protein ...
How is a pulmonary hypertension following an embolism?
The chronic pulmonary hypertension (chronic pulmonary hypertension) after a pulmonary embolism is caused by long-term clogged pulmonary arteries ....
What causes high blood pressure in the pulmonary circulation?
Depending on the severity of pulmonary hypertension, various symptoms may exist. These include shortness of breath, limited capacity, ...
Is it possible to ascertain a pulmonary hypertension on the basis of the symptoms?
No, unfortunately, the symptoms of pulmonary hypertension (pulmonary hypertension) are not so characteristic that the disease is always ...
What can be the cause of high blood pressure (pulmonary hypertension)?
If the pressure in the pulmonary circulation is too high, there is not always a cause. In the medical jargon one speaks then of idiopathic pulmonary ...
How is pulmonary hypertension treated?
The treatment of pulmonary hypertension is dependent on the cause of the disease. Does the increased pressure in the pulmonary vessels go to a ...
image High blood pressure: My 10 very personal tips
Too high blood pressure does not hurt. Otherwise he hardly causes any complaints. That may sound reassuring, but that's also a problem ....
image Minerals and Co play important roles in blood pressure
People with high blood pressure usually know it: normal weight, less salt in the food, less alcohol, less stress, more exercise, if necessary ...
High blood pressure: What are the advantages and disadvantages of diuretics?
Especially recommended are diuretics for high blood pressure, if additionally there is heart failure. Diuretics are dehydrators, they ...
Omega-3 fatty acids for high blood pressure
Too high a blood pressure arises in the vast majority of cases, without the cause can be determined. There are a number of known ...
image How high are the triglycerides in the blood?
The measurement of triglycerides in the blood alone is not very meaningful. Only in connection with the cholesterol values ​​can a ...
image How high may my cholesterol be?
Whether high cholesterol levels are in need of treatment or not depends on the individual risk factors. And about who you ask. Size...
image Is my cholesterol value below the upper limit?
The levels of cholesterol levels in the blood are different for healthy and sick people and also dependent on which ...
What should be considered before taking blood samples to examine blood lipids?
You should not have eaten for twelve hours before taking the blood. Because the blood lipids are higher after eating than in sober ...
How can elevated blood lipid levels be determined?
Increased blood lipid levels are not noticed. There is not a single symptom that is due to elevated cholesterol or increased triglycerides ...
image What role do the triglycerides play?
Regardless of the cholesterol level, elevated triglyceride levels are a risk factor for arteriosclerosis. Not infrequently, both the ...
What are "bad liver values"?
One could have put this question on almost every other of our thematic portals (see all other navigators), because too high liver values ​​...
What is the Arteriosclerosis Risk Index?
The arteriosclerosis risk index uses blood lipids to calculate how high the individual risk is to contract vascular calcification. As...
How high should the vascular protective HDL cholesterol be?
The value of HDL cholesterol should not be less than 40 mg / dL (below 1.0 mmol / L). The other goals of cholesterol, so ...
What is "good" cholesterol and what is "bad" cholesterol?
So that fat-soluble cholesterol can be transported in the blood, carrier substances are necessary (because blood itself is an aqueous solution) ....
image Which nutritional measures are suitable to reduce the triglycerides?
The most important measure for lowering the triglyceride levels is to drink as little or as little alcohol as possible. You should avoid ...
With which nutritional measures can you lower the LDL cholesterol value?
The LDH cholesterol is the so-called bad cholesterol. So the one that has to be lowered by elevated cholesterol levels ...
Can you eat dairy products when you have high cholesterol?
Yes, dairy products are important suppliers of protein, vitamins and trace elements. It makes sense, however, on reduced-fat products ...
Is every type of fish suitable for high blood lipids?
No, whether fish is suitable for increased blood lipids depends on the type of fish as well as on the preparation. Lean fish are especially ...
Is every fruit safe for high blood lipid levels?
Fresh fruit is almost without exception very healthy and definitely recommended - not only with elevated blood lipid levels. Also frozen fruit or ...
Is it possible to specifically increase HDL cholesterol with diet and exercise?
Yes, endurance sports such as walking, jogging, cycling or swimming in conjunction with a weight reduction can ensure that the ...
Apart from nutrition, are there other non-pharmacological measures that have a positive effect on lipid metabolism?
Yes, sure. And you'll already guess what those are because they're practically always on the slip when doctors give good advice: Important ...
Does not cholesterol naturally increase with age?
However, the cholesterol level increases with age. In healthy older people, therefore, a higher cholesterol level is not a compelling reason ...
Are there any diseases associated with a lipid metabolism disorder?
If elevated cholesterol levels or triglycerides occur in the context of another disease, it is called secondary lipid metabolism disorder or ...
High cholesterol: What does that mean for my heart attack and stroke risk?
The most important answer right from the beginning: If you have high cholesterol levels in younger years, both the risk of a heart attack and ...
What do high cholesterol levels have to do with prostate cancer?
Apparently a lot. There are several studies that have shown an increased risk of prostate cancer in men with high cholesterol levels ...
Does my heart attack risk increase if I do not take my cholesterol counterparts regularly?
It depends. Who gets cholesterol-lowering drugs prescribed due to significantly elevated cholesterol levels and these are not ...
Should one reduce its cholesterol value with a change of diet or medication?
Of course, getting better is always better if you can do it without medication. If the cholesterol levels are only slightly increased, that is without ...
Does high HDL cholesterol improve the condition of the vessels?
Yes, a high proportion of HDL cholesterol in the blood protects the blood vessels from arteriosclerosis and calcification. That is why it is often the "good ...
What kind of medication is atorvastatin?
Atorvastatin is a cholesterol-lowering drug from the group of so-called statins. The trade name is Sortis®. Statins inhibit activity ...
What kind of medication is fluvastatin?
Fluvastatin is a cholesterol-lowering drug from the group of so-called statins. The trade names are Cranoc® and Locol®. Statins inhibit the ...
What kind of medication is Cranoc®?
Cranoc® is a cholesterol-lowering drug from the group of so-called statins with the active ingredient fluvastatin. Statins inhibit the activity of a ...
What kind of medication is Sortis®?
Sortis® is a cholesterol-lowering drug from the group of so-called statins with the active ingredient atorvastatin. Statins inhibit the activity of a ...
What kind of medication is Crestor®?
Crestor® is a cholesterol-lowering drug from the group of so-called statins with the active ingredient rosuvastatin. Statins inhibit the activity of a ...
High blood lipids: When should you take medication?
This is fiercely argued. If you ask representatives of the responsible medical associations, medicines are quite high in the course and are rather ...
The HDL cholesterol level ("good cholesterol") is too low. How can you raise it?
The High Density Liporotein (HDL) cholesterol is a part of the total cholesterol in the blood that is said to have protective properties. Of the...
Do drugs to lower cholesterol need to be taken for life?
Most of the time yes. Substituting the cholesterol-lowering drugs (such as statins), the cholesterol value rises almost always significantly - and thus the ...
What medications are available to lower blood lipids?
There are a number of medicines that can lower blood levels of cholesterol and triglycerides. The main groups are ...
Is it true that cholesterol-lowering drugs can lead to potency problems?
Yes. This affects even most of the common drugs. However, the problem rarely occurs. For the following active ingredients this is ...
Are statins also useful to lower blood levels of triglycerides?
Although statins are medicines that are mainly known to lower the cholesterol level. But they also lower the triglycerides in the blood. To...
I have muscle aches under my statin for high cholesterol. Are there alternatives?
Muscle pain can be present in a variety of statins, although these medications are generally well tolerated. More often this happens ...
How far can you get the cholesterol value with statins down?
At normal doses, statins can lower LDL cholesterol by up to 40%, depending on the active ingredient. Higher doses increase the effectiveness ...
What if I can not tolerate statins?
If side effects occur even under normal dosages of statins and do not disappear within the first weeks of treatment, should ...
How do statins work against increased blood lipids?
Some medicines for increased blood lipids act by inhibiting the body's production of cholesterol in the liver. They are called ...
How do fibrates work against increased blood lipids?
The fibrates mainly include bezafibrate, fenofibrate and gemfibrozil. Although the drug group of fibrates has long been known ...
In which disorders of lipid metabolism do you get fibrates?
Fibrates are agents that lower triglyceride levels and increase the level of "good" cholesterol (HDL cholesterol). In order to influence ...
Are there any active ingredients that have a positive effect on blood lipid levels?
There are a number of herbal foods or plant extracts that have a positive influence on blood lipids. For this...
How do anion exchange resins (bile acid sequestrants) work?
Anion exchange resins are medicines for high cholesterol. The best known drug is colestyramine. Anion exchange resins are also used ...
How do cholesterol intake inhibitors work?
Cholesterol uptake inhibitors attach to the small intestinal mucosa and inhibit the uptake of dietary cholesterol. A representative of this ...
When do you get nicotine acid prescribed for high cholesterol?
Nicotinic acid was previously prescribed for increased cholesterol levels. Due to its numerous side effects, the active ingredient ...
Why do you get nicotinic acid as a sustained-release tablet, what does retard mean?
Nicotinic acid is an active ingredient that can raise HDL cholesterol and lower total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides. The ...
What side effects can simvastatin cause?
The cholesterol-lowering simvastatin is considered to be well tolerated. Typical but rare side effects include muscle problems (especially pain, ...
How does simvastatin work against elevated cholesterol levels?
Simvastatin belongs to the group of drugs of statins. These medications lower cholesterol by controlling cholesterol production in the body ...
When should not take Simvastatin?
You should not take the cholesterol-lowering medicine simvastatin if you are hypersensitive to the drug or if you have liver disease ...
How does Zocor work against elevated cholesterol and triglycerides?
Zocor® contains the active substance simvastatin. The drug belongs to the group of statins. All statins, including simvastatin, lower the ...
10 tips for lipid metabolism disorders
My Choice of Specific Recommendations for High Cholesterol & Co Lipid metabolism disorders are a big topic and a guarantee for high levels of ...
High Cholesterol - Alternative therapies for lowering cholesterol levels
Elevated cholesterol levels are serious risk factors that favor the development of serious illnesses such as arteriosclerosis ...
What is a heart muscle inflammation (myocarditis)?
Myocarditis is the medical term for heart muscle inflammation. These can have different causes and occur acutely or ...
Can a banal cold hit the heart?
Yes, it is not uncommon for colds and diarrheal diseases to be the cause of heart muscle inflammation (myocarditis). This danger exists above all ...
What causes has myocarditis (myocarditis)?
In the development of myocarditis viruses and bacteria, more rarely fungi and parasites play a role, whereby viruses are most frequently involved ....
Which pathogens cause heart muscle inflammation (myocarditis)?
In our latitudes, there are two-thirds of viruses that are responsible for heart muscle inflammation. The pathogen spectrum has, however, ...
What is an inflammatory cardiomyopathy?
The term "inflammatory cardiomyopathy" refers to certain inflammatory chronic diseases of the heart muscle. Also the...
How does myocarditis (myocarditis) become noticeable?
At the onset of heart muscle inflammation, many sufferers feel tired and physically weak. It can cause joint and joint pain as well as fever ...
Is it possible to have heart muscle inflammation (myocarditis) and not notice anything?
Yes, the symptoms of myocarditis can be very mild or completely absent. Nan speaks of asymptomatic ...
Can the symptoms of heart muscle inflammation (myocarditis) be reliably differentiated from coronary heart disease or heart failure?
No, it is not always possible to differentiate between different types of heart disease based on the symptoms. In 60-70% of those affected ...
How does a heart muscle biopsy work?
As part of a cardiac catheterization small samples (biopsies) from the inside of the heart muscle can be taken. He is about ...
Which examinations are necessary in case of suspected heart inflammation (myocarditis)?
In addition to a detailed survey of complaints and medical history, some examinations are necessary to diagnose myocarditis.
How is a heart muscle inflammation (myocarditis) treated?
Very important is a physical protection and bed rest, so that the heart is relieved as much as possible. A possibly existing ...
How does myocarditis (myocarditis) develop?
The course of myocarditis is very different. While a large part of these heart muscle inflammations runs asymptomatically and also ...
How can you detect pericarditis (pericarditis)?
Already the conversation between you and the doctor can lead him to suspect a pericarditis. Especially the kind of pain ...
What forms of pericarditis (pericarditis) exist?
There is a so-called dry fibrinous pericarditis, in which there is no fluid between the two leaves of the pericardium. And there are...
What are the causes of pericarditis (pericarditis)?
The causes of pericarditis (pericarditis) are diverse and can not always be clarified. Often the inflammation closes ...
Is it true that after a heart attack, pericarditis (pericarditis) occurs more often?
Yes. After a heart attack, pericarditis (pericarditis epistenocardiaca) may reactively occur at the site of the infarction. This must ...
What is pericarditis (pericarditis)?
Inflammation of the pericardium, which surrounds the heart, can be acute or chronic. One speaks of pericarditis. ...
What consequences can pericarditis have?
In most cases, acute pericarditis retracts on its own. However, it is also consistent conservation (for a time ...
What is a heart tamponade or heart bag tamponade?
In cardiac tamponade or cardiac tamponade, the pericardium contains so much fluid that the function of the heart is impaired ....
Can you do sports with pericarditis (pericarditis)?
In case of acute myocarditis one should not practice sports and must spare oneself. Often sufferers also have pain and ...
What is a tank heart?
The armored heart, medically one speaks of constrictive pericarditis, is a change of the Herzbeutels as a result of inflammations. By...
How often does pericarditis (pericarditis) heal itself?
In many cases, no cause of pericarditis can be identified. This is called idiopathic pericarditis. This heals in 70 ...
What is endocarditis?
Endocarditis is an inflammation of the inner wall of the heart. This is called endocardium. The endocardium dresses the heart from the inside like a ...
When must endocarditis be operated on?
If endocarditis does not heal under the right, tested antibiotic, endocarditis sooner or later destroys the valve. In order to...
How is endocarditis treated?
Endocarditis is an inflammation of the heart's lining, the endocardium. Particularly vulnerable are heart valves. The treatment of endocarditis ...
Aneurysm is not the same as aneurysm. What different types of aneurysms are there?
There are aneurysms of the veins and aneurysms of the arteries. In addition, real can be distinguished from spurious aneurysms. At the real ...
Where is the most common aneurysm?
An aneurysm can arise in principle in all main arteries of the body. Particularly often affected are the main artery in the abdominal and ...
What is an aorto-iliac aneurysm?
The aortic-iliac aneurysm is an aneurysm of the abdominal aorta. It usually begins below the exit of the renal arteries and ends only after ...
What is an aneurysm?
Aneurysm is an enlargement or bulging of the wall of arteries, usually an artery or the main artery. The...
What is an aneurysm of the heart?
Especially in the wake of a heart attack and a resulting weakening of the heart muscle in the affected area, a bulge of ...
Why is there aneurysm formation?
The main cause of the genesis of true aneurysms is atherosclerosis (vascular calcification). In rarer cases, inflammation of ...
What are the risk factors for the development of an aneurysm?
Most of the development of aneurysms is based on vascular calcification (atherosclerosis). Known risk factors of arteriosclerosis are ...
What can be done so that you do not even get an aneurysm?
Most importantly, the main cause, arteriosclerosis, is to be prevented. Risk factors of atherosclerosis should be recognized early, ...
Is my risk increased if family members already had an aneurysm of the main artery?
It is possible that aneurysms are more common in the family. Sometimes simply because certain lifestyle risk factors affect the entire ...
Is an aneurysm more often associated with other vascular and cardiac problems?
Yes, often changes in other vessels, e.g. a constriction of the coronary arteries (coronary occlusive disease), but ...
How is an aneurysm of the abdominal aorta noticeable?
An aneurysm does not cause any discomfort and can go unnoticed for a long time. Often it happens by chance in the context of another ...
How to notice an aortic aneurysm in the chest area?
An aneurysm of the thoracic aorta (chest aorta) often causes no symptoms at all and is often coincidental in the context of another ...
How can the doctor detect an aneurysm?
Aneurysms are often discovered by chance, usually in examinations performed for a different cause. This can ...
What symptoms causes aneurysm of the pelvic arteries?
Pelvic artery aneurysms are common with aneurysms of the main artery of the abdomen (abdominal aorta), but they are also isolated ...
How is an aneurysm in the knee noticeable?
An aneurysm of the knee artery (popliteal artery) does not necessarily cause discomfort. The aneurysm is not uncommon as a pulsating ...
When must an aneurysm of the main artery (aortic aneurysm) be operated on?
The main artery (aorta) arises from the left heart. It consists of a short ascending part (the bow) and a long in the chest -...
Does an aneurysm of the popliteal fossa need to be treated?
Yes, from a height of over 2 cm, an aneurysm in the knee should be operated on. It is less about the risk that the vessel breaks ...
Can an aneurysm cause thrombosis or embolism?
Yes, this is another serious complication besides the possible bursting of the aneurysm. The cause: In the area of ​​the aneurysm, it may be due to the ...
How does minimally invasive surgery work for an aneurysm of the thoracic aorta (aorta)?
In an aneurysm of the main artery (aorta) of the breast, the surgical removal can also be minimally invasive. About a small cut, ...
How can an aneurysm of the main artery (aortic aneurysm) be operated on?
Basically, two techniques are available for the operation of aneurysms of the aorta. In an open surgery ...
What does peripheral vascular disease mean?
Peripheral arterial disease (PAOD) is the name given to constrictions of non-cardiac arteries, e.g. in the arms, but especially in ...
What is an arterial occlusive disease?
Arterial occlusive disease (AVC) refers to the pathological constriction of arteries, that is, the vessels that transport the oxygen-rich blood into the ...
What does intermittent claudication mean?
Claudicatio intermittens means free translated broken limping. It describes the symptoms of arterial circulatory disorders of the ...
What are the stages of peripheral arterial disease?
Depending on its severity, peripheral artery disease (PAOD) is divided into four different stages: Stage I: There are ...
How is the sudden closure of an artery (acute peripheral arterial disease) expressed?
Acute arterial occlusive disease refers to the sudden occlusion of an artery, usually a leg, more rarely a ...
How is a peripheral arterial disease diagnosed by the doctor?
The suspicion of a "peripheral arterial disease (PAD)" can be relatively easily secured. Already the pulse measurement on the foot and ...
What is a smoker's leg?
Commonly referred to as smoker's disease, this disease is peripheral arterial disease (PAOD). Most ...
Does a peripheral arterial occlusive disease always require surgery?
No, especially in stages I and II of peripheral arterial disease (PAOD), the focus is on non-surgical treatment ....
How is the peripheral arterial disease treated in the early stages?
Particularly in stages I and II of PAOD (peripheral arterial occlusive disease), non-surgical treatment is in the foreground. ...
Does the peripheral arterial disease have to be treated, even if there are no symptoms?
Yes, because peripheral arterial disease (PAD) progresses potentially incessantly if no countermeasures are taken ....
How can I tell if I have a thrombosis?
A thrombosis is a blood clot that gets stuck in a vein. This plug can partially or completely occlude the blood vessel ....
Are there typical symptoms or signs of leg vein thrombosis?
Yes, there are, but they do not occur in all those affected and also do not very reliably a leg vein thrombosis after. Such signs ...
Can a bone thrombosis develop creepingly?
Yes, the symptoms do not always stop suddenly.About half of those affected develop over days or even weeks ...
How does the doctor diagnose a thrombosis?
Only by examining the veins can the doctor reliably detect or rule out thrombosis. If a thrombosis is suspected ...
What is a multi-level thrombosis?
Multi-level thrombosis refers to thrombosis in several areas or levels of the leg. Possible is the combination of a thrombosis in the ...
What is a stem varicosis?
Stem varicosis is a varicose vein formation in one of the larger veins. So in the course of a trunk vein or superficial main vein of the ...
Are varicose veins curable?
Varicose veins can be treated well and thus heal. The underlying tissue and venous insufficiency, however, remains lifelong ....
What are spider veins?
Spider veins are small varicose veins visible on the skin. They appear reddish or bluish, usually forming a network of dense branches and ...
Can it be that you get varicose already as a teenager or young adult?
Yes, varicose veins in adolescents are on the rise. The German Venenliga e.V. indicates that up to 30 percent of adolescents already have varicose veins ....
Are varicose veins not just a cosmetic problem?
No, varicose veins are not just a cosmetic problem because they are often associated with discomfort and also with dangers. Frequently...
Why do you get varicose veins?
In addition to a hereditary predisposition, the lifestyle plays a major role in the development of venous insufficiency. Seated and standing ...
Can it be that varicose veins are in the family?
Yes, a hereditary component plays a role in the development of varicose veins. If the parents have varicose veins, is the own risk for the ...
How do varicose veins develop?
Experts believe that a major cause of varicose veins is the genetic predisposition to connective tissue weakness. Even the human ...
Why do women develop varicose veins more often than men?
Women, especially between the ages of 30 and 50, develop varicose veins much more frequently than men. Cause are probably female ...
Why is the risk of varicose veins increased during pregnancy?
The fact that women are more likely to develop varicose veins in pregnancy is due to hormonal factors and increased ...
How do varicose veins make themselves felt?
If the veins of the superficial venous system are affected, they are usually also visible through the skin. Also the skin in the area of ​​a varicose vein ...
In which severity levels are varicose veins divided?
Depending on the degree of severity, four stages can be distinguished: Stage I: There are no complaints (although varicose veins already ...
Can calf cramps indicate varicose veins?
Yes, especially nocturnal leg cramps sometimes occur as a concomitant symptom of varicose veins. However, then exist in the ...
Is there a test to determine his risk of varicose veins?
Yes, in order to determine the individual risk for the development of varicose veins, the German Venenliga e.V., for example, offers a ...
Is it true that varicose veins are more severe in men than in women?
Yes, but the reason is more homemade. Women pay much more attention to the appearance of their legs than men. That's why they feel ...
Can you get rid of varicose veins again with a lot of sports?
No, while sport is a great way to strengthen the tissues of muscles that support the veins - once ...
May one take the pill for varicose veins?
There is no blanket recommendation. Varicose veins alone are not necessarily a reason to rely entirely on the pill as a contraceptive method.
Should one quit smoking in case of a varicose vein disease?
Yes absolutely. There are many good reasons to quit smoking, varicose veins are one of them. Because smoking harms all vessels, so the ...
Is it allowed to go into the sauna with varicose veins?
Yes, but you should not be exposed to excessive heat in the presence of venous insufficiency, because this extends the veins ...
Can I massage my legs for varicose veins?
Those who suffer from varicose veins, take many advices - unfortunately sometimes the wrong. For example, if you have the varicose veins on your legs ...
How long will you be sick after a varicose vein treatment or varicose vein surgery?
That can be different. In minor surgery with local anesthesia is often no sick leave necessary, which also by ...
Should varicose veins be operated on, if there are no complaints?
Varicose veins strain the venous system and can cause lasting damage. Therefore, the sooner you have to ...
Do varicose veins leave on their own?
No, because varicose vein formation is based on damage to the connective tissue of the veins. And venous valves that do not work anymore are ...
Do you always have to treat varicose veins?
If you do not provide support for the veins, on the one hand through exercise and weight loss or through compression stockings, it is ...
Why can not I choose freely if I have my varicose vein surgery performed on an outpatient or inpatient basis?
When deciding whether the operation of varicose veins is performed on an outpatient or inpatient basis, the health insurance basically stipulates that ...
Can varicose veins burst?
Yes, minor injuries can damage the venous wall of a varicose vein, so that sometimes too much blood can escape. Therefore must...
What is the danger of having varicose veins?
The risks of varicose veins are mainly in the formation of blood clots (thrombosis) and their carryover. In addition, it can ...
Is it true that varicose veins can lead to "open legs"?
Yes, poorly healing wounds and open legs are more common in older people with severe vein changes. Because in the long run ...
image Restless legs? Does that come from the varicose veins?
The causes of restless legs (Restless Legs Syndrome) are varied and should always be clarified by a doctor. Also varicose veins ...
Can varicose veins cause fibrosis?
Yes. If no treatment is initiated in varicose veins, fibrosis may develop - not overnight, but slowly and steadily. At a...
How to treat a phlebitis?
If it has come to a phlebitis, usually a local (local) treatment is sufficient. A compression bandage or ...
Which complaints causes a phlebitis?
As a result of varicose veins, but also due to injuries of the vein wall, indwelling catheters in the vein, after birth and after surgery ...
What complications can arise from a phlebitis?
The greatest danger of phlebitis of superficial veins is the spread of inflammation to the deep venous system. Are...
Can venom sclerotherapy cause side effects?
Yes, even if it is a safe and low-side-effect treatment with good cosmetic results. A feeling of tension in the ...
What is the cost of sclerosing spider veins?
The cost of a sclerotherapy of spider veins (small, superficial, crimped spider veins) you have to wear usually yourself. The height...
Is the removal of spider veins paid by the health insurance?
The sole removal of spider veins with a sclerotherapy is considered a cosmetic operation and is therefore not covered by the statutory health insurance ...
What is a sclerotherapy of varicose veins?
The sclerotherapy of varicose veins is a treatment that helps spider veins and minor superficial varicose veins.
How exactly does sclerotherapy and varicose erosion work?
For a Verödung (sclerosis) of varicose veins is ordered as an outpatient. In the varicose vein, which is to be obliterated. will be with a very ...
Does the health insurance pay the compression stockings?
If a doctor prescribes the compression stockings, these are also paid by the statutory health insurance. As a rule, the ...
What do compression stockings do in venous insufficiency?
Compression stockings are very tightly woven, but elastic. Well fitted stockings sit tight on the leg and exert pressure so that the ...
Can you omit the compression stockings in the summer in the heat?
No, unfortunately not. While wearing the compression stockings in summer is not as enjoyable in the heat as it is in colder weather, it is ...
What can be done if thrombosis stockings break or slip?
Thrombosis stockings sometimes break, perhaps because you get stuck somewhere or for other reasons. Smaller holes or runs ...
Is there a special venous gymnastics?
Yes, there are a variety of exercises that train the veins and support their function. However, the prerequisite is the daily ...
What happens after a vein stripping?
After stripping a vein, walking and exercise are advised on the same day. In the next few weeks, compression bandages or ...
What is Stripping?
Vein stripping is a surgical procedure that removes varicose veined trunk veins. ...
Do you have to go to the hospital for a vein stripping?
No, the venous operation is usually performed on an outpatient basis. It is not necessarily a general anesthetic necessary, it is sufficient a partial anesthesia or ...
Why do I have to wear compression stockings even weeks after the vein operation?
After removal of a major vein, pressure must be applied to the leg and veins for three to six weeks. This prevents the leg ...
May I sleep at night without compression stockings after a varicose vein operation?
In most cases this is allowed. So you can take off the compression stockings at least at night. However, only at night. The reason: In the ...
Do you have to protect yourself physically after a varicose vein operation?
No, exaggerated protection would even be counterproductive. After a varicose vein surgery you should definitely not rest completely, but so early ...
When can you start exercising again after a varicose vein operation?
When to start exercising depends on the type of surgery, wound healing and sport. In surgical wounds in the groin ...
May I take a shower after a varicose vein operation?
Showering is only allowed after a varicose vein operation when the skin sores are dry. This is usually the case after a few days. Different...
Varicose veins: What is the CHIVA method?
In this method, the varicose veins are not removed, but tied the diseased vein sections. The varicose vein regions are treated with ...
Is it true that varicose veins can be treated with laser?
Yes. In this case, a laser is introduced into the diseased vessel via a small skin incision and the vein by laser pulses, i. by...
Is it allowed to take a shower and bath after removal of varicose veins with laser or radio waves?
Yes, because the skin incisions and thus external injuries in the so-called minimally invasive procedures such as laser and radio wave treatment are very ...
What is a varicose vein treatment with radio waves?
As with the treatment with laser beams, the so-called radiofrequency-induced thermotherapy works with heat in order to ...
What are miniphlebectomies?
By miniphlebectomies refers to the removal of venous side branches, which are varicose-veined. Through very small skin incisions ...
Should one actually walk with a thrombosis and not rest?
Yes, at least for superficial thrombosis. While one used to think rest was the best treatment after a thrombosis, you know ...
How is a thrombosis treated in the leg?
On the one hand depends on how quickly treatment starts. Secondly, the age of the person affected and the extent of the thrombosis. The...
What are the possible consequences of deep vein thrombosis?
After a thrombosis, various complications or clinical pictures can occur. The most dangerous is the washing out of the thrombus via ...
Do I have to take blood thinning medication for life after a thrombosis?
That depends on the thrombosis itself and possible sequelae. In most cases you have to spend at least six weeks with ...
May I walk around for a thrombosis of the deep leg or pelvic veins or do I have to lie?
The procedure for thrombosis of the deep leg or pelvic veins is controversial and is also used by various clinics.
Who is particularly at risk of developing a thrombosis?
Certain factors increase the risk of thrombosis. In addition to the age and female gender, these are: immobility, about ...
Is it true that thrombosis can be an indication of a malignant disease (cancer)?
Yes, cancer is more likely to cause increased coagulability of the blood. The cause is changes in blood cells and ...
Are there any medications that increase the risk of thrombosis?
Yes, various medications can increase the risk of developing thrombosis. These include, for example, the anti-baby pill, in which the ...
What is a thrombosis in the leg?
If a blood clot (thrombus) forms in the veins of the leg, it is called thrombosis. Usually such blood clots form in the deep ...
How common are thromboses?
Thrombosis is a relatively common problem. About one million people get thrombosis in their lifetime. It takes the ...
What degree of severe disability is people with venous disease?
People with a chronic venous insufficiency (chronic venous insufficiency) are eligible for a degree of disability (GdB) according to the Handicapped Disability Act ....
Which symptoms characterize the postthrombotic syndrome?
The post-thrombotic syndrome manifests itself mainly through symptoms that are due to chronic congestion after thrombosis of the deep leg and ...
What is a Arthrogenic Stasis Syndrome?
In the case of chronic venous insufficiency, changes in muscles, tendons and connective tissue in the legs and feet can occur over the years ....
What is a post-thrombotic syndrome?
The post-thrombotic syndrome is a syndrome with several symptoms that may occur as a result of venous occlusion (thrombosis) of the deep veins in the leg.
Postthrombotic syndrome: Is there also a rehab treatment for this?
Yes, for people with chronic venous insufficiency and postthrombotic syndrome with and without ulceration, rehabilitation aims at: ...
Can it be that an open leg smells unpleasant?
Yes, that is possible. If the wound on the leg is colonized with bacteria, this can lead to the development of odors, which is not only for the person affected, but also ...
Can you treat an open leg?
Not only can open legs not, they even have to be treated. Otherwise a further deterioration threatens, in the worst case even the ...
Is an open leg still curable if it has been around for years or decades?
Yes, there are people who have an open ulcer on their legs for 10 or 20 years, but then heal under proper treatment.
What does necrosis mean when the leg is open?
Necrosis is when the tissue in a venous leg ulcer or at the edges of the wound first inflames and then dies. This...
What does an open leg mean in everyday life? Is it really so bad?
Yes, lower leg ulcers in advanced postthrombotic syndrome significantly affect quality of life. Because the wounds are with ...
What happens with a pulmonary embolism?
A pulmonary embolism refers to the acute occlusion of an arterial vessel of the lung, usually by a blood vessel (embolus) washed away.
In which phase of thrombosis is the risk of pulmonary embolism particularly high?
Especially in the early stages of thrombosis. And most commonly in thrombosis in the deep leg or pelvic veins. Then it happens most likely, ...
Is it true that one has to think of a tumor in case of unclear cause of a pulmonary embolism?
Yes. If there is no cause for the pulmonary embolism, the search for a malignant disease can make sense. Because it is known ...
What severity levels are differentiated in pulmonary embolism?
Four degrees of severity are differentiated in pulmonary embolism. These are mainly based on the importance for the right heart and the ...
Can arm or shoulder thrombosis be followed by pulmonary embolism?
Yes. However, thrombosis of the arm or shoulder veins is much less common than thrombosis of the deep leg and pelvic veins. They only make 1-4% ...
Is breathlessness still normal even three months after a pulmonary embolism?
No, normally the embolus (the clogging plug) in the lungs is dissolved by the body even in large pulmonary embolisms (endogenous ...
Is it true that a pulmonary embolism sometimes causes only a slight cough?
Yes, that is possible. However, only if it is a small embolism or only a small lung vessel is misplaced. If...
Which complaints causes a pulmonary embolism?
As a rule, pulmonary embolism is an acute emergency that can not be overlooked. The extent of the discomfort depends on the location of the ...
What can cause respiratory distress that occurs long after a pulmonary embolism?
In case of persistent or worsening respiratory distress, even months after pulmonary embolism, lung and heart should be checked. For it...
Is it possible to detect a pulmonary embolism via a blood test?
A blood test alone is not meaningful enough to diagnose or rule out pulmonary embolism. In connection with...
image What are the possible consequences of a pulmonary embolism?
Although a pulmonary embolism is a medical emergency. But it can, in particular if no larger vessel is affected, heal without consequences. In the...
Is there a long time to expect discomfort after a pulmonary embolism?
Whether months and years after a pulmonary embolism still complaints exist, depends on various factors. Is the lungs or the right heart ...
How often does a pulmonary embolism kill?
The course of a pulmonary embolism depends on which vessels in the lungs are blocked. If smaller vessels are affected, it can happen ...
What is the prognosis after a pulmonary embolism?
This can not be answered flat rate. Further prognosis strongly depends on the extent and severity of pulmonary embolism as well as on ...
Can smaller blood clots in the lungs dissolve again?
Yes, the body can break down smaller blood clots in the pulmonary vessels over time. This may take several weeks. In ...
12 tips for varicose veins and venous disorders
My personal recommendations for affected venous disease are obviously very common in our society, especially the varicose veins ....
Do omega-3s protect against thrombosis?
A "lump" in the blood vessel - that's not a nice idea. In fact, such a plug or blood clot can be more than annoying ....
What does heart valve insufficiency mean?
Heart valve insufficiency refers to a limited ability to close heart valves. These work like mechanical valves ...
What is a vitium at heart?
With Vitium my doctors a heart valve defect. Actually, vitium only means general malformation, but in most cases, the ...
Which inflammatory rheumatic diseases can damage the heart valves?
In addition to rheumatic fever, various rheumatic diseases and autoimmune diseases can lead to inflammatory changes in the ...
What symptoms causes aortic valve insufficiency?
In case of a mild aortic valve insufficiency (inadequate closure of the heart valve between the left ventricle and the aorta) ...
Which stages of aortic valve insufficiency are there?
The aortic valve insufficiency (inadequate closure of the heart valve between the left ventricle and the aorta) is divided into four different degrees of severity ...
Can a pulsating roar in the head or an ear noise indicate an aortic valve insufficiency?
Yes, the strong heartbeat is perceived by some sufferers as pulse synchronous droning or ear noise. The cause of the ...
Are there different severity levels of aortic valve insufficiency?
Yes, depending on the amount of blood flowing back into the left ventricle, one shares the aortic valve insufficiency (inadequate occlusion of the ...
What happens with an aortic valve insufficiency?
In aortic valve insufficiency closes the aortic valve, which is located between the left ventricle and the main artery (aorta), at the beginning of ...
How can you treat aortic valve insufficiency?
Especially in the early stages, medicines that make the vessels wide, e.g. ACE inhibitors and beta blockers. Aortic valve insufficiency ...
What advantages and disadvantages does the aortic valve replacement with an artificial heart valve have?
A mechanical aortic valve replacement with an artificial aortic valve has the advantage of full functionality for very long periods of time ...
When should one operate on an aortic valve insufficiency?
In aortic valve insufficiency, there is insufficient closure of the heart valve between the left ventricle and the aorta. As a rule, one plans ...
What happens if you can not operate on advanced aortic valve insufficiency?
The load on the left heart due to the blood backflow from the main artery leads to changes in the heart muscle and to a ...
Is it possible to restore a defective aortic valve surgically?
In principle, it is possible to replace or reconstruct the aortic valves. When replacing the aortic valve come artificial or ...
What material are artificial heart valves made of?
Mechanical heart valve prostheses are made of a very durable, smooth high-tech material of virtually unlimited durability. Is used...
Does an artificial heart valve restrict the quality of life?
No, after the implantation of an artificial heart valve, the quality of life usually improves significantly and the load capacity increases. The...
Is it true that one sometimes hears a sound in an artificial heart valve?
Yes, depending on the heart valve, a sound may be produced by closing the heart valve. This is usually called clicking, especially at rest ...
Why do younger patients with heart valve defects usually get an artificial heart valve?
Artificial heart valves have the advantage of longer shelf life over biological material heart valves. The durability of biological ...
Are all artificial heart valves MRI compatible?
For heart valves implanted before 1969, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is not recommended as these are not ...
Constriction of the aortic valve due to calcification: is there an arteriosclerosis in other vessels?
Yes, if the aortic valve is narrowed due to calcification, it is not unlikely that other vessels such as the coronary arteries ...
What is an aortic stenosis?
If the aortic valve opens insufficiently in the ejection phase of the heart, it is narrowed or stenosed. One speaks of ...
Is aortic valve stenosis an old-age disease?
Even if the aortic valve stenosis v. A. In older people over 65 years occurs, it is not a real old-age disease. Because to constrict ...
Why are aortic valve constrictions more common today than in the past?
The fact that aortic valve constriction is more common today than it used to be is due, firstly, to the higher age of human beings and the increasing number of people who have ...
Can a rheumatic disease be the cause of aortic valve stenosis?
Yes, as a result of rheumatic diseases, rheumatic endocarditis (chronic inflammation of the heart) with the involvement of heart valves can occur ...
How is a narrowing of the aortic valve noticeable?
With a slight degree of aortic valve constriction many sufferers still have no complaints. With higher-grade stenosis of the valve, it comes ...
Aortic stenosis: What does the doctor hear when listening with the stethoscope?
The doctor may hear a typical systole of the heart in a relevant aortic valve narrowing ....
How is a narrowing of the aortic valve detected?
A constriction of the aortic valve can be detected with an ultrasound examination of the heart (echocardiography). Supplementary examinations ...
Are there blood levels that indicate the severity of aortic stenosis?
The values ​​of two proteins in the blood, namely the BNP (B-type Natriuretic Peptide) and the so-called NT-pro-BNP give clues to the ...
How does the doctor recognize how pronounced aortic valve stenosis is?
The narrowing of the aortic valve is divided into four, sometimes only three degrees of severity. While the narrowing of the heart valve at ...
Is it possible to treat aortic stenosis with medication?
Narrowing in the case of less severe aortic stenosis usually requires no treatment, but control. A medicinal ...
What can be done if high-grade aortic valve stenosis can not be operated on?
Not all people with a constriction of the aortic valve can be easily supplied with a new heart valve (aortic valve). Are the...
How does an aortic valve stenosis develop without treatment?
Of course, the aortic valve stenosis runs without symptoms for many years. But if the constriction is so pronounced that it ...
May I play sports despite aortic valve stenosis?
To what extent physical stress is possible, the doctor must specify in each case. Decisive is the physical examination as well as results ...
Is the risk of sudden cardiac death increased in aortic valve stenosis?
Yes. And this is particularly problematic as some people with aortic stenosis have little or no discomfort. As a result...
What is MI grade 1 (mitral regurgitation grade 1)?
A grade 1 MI (or Grade 1 mitral valve insufficiency) is a minor function restriction of a particular heart valve ....
How Does Mitral Valve Insufficiency Express?
Many people with mild or moderate mitral valve insufficiency have no discomfort because the heart can withstand the extra burden for long ...
What is mitral valve insufficiency?
The mitral valve is a heart valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle. Does not this seal the left atrium completely ...
What are the causes of mitral valve insufficiency?
Not infrequently, rheumatic fever is the cause of the lack of ability to close the mitral valve. Also infections with bacteria or a ...
How to determine mitral valve insufficiency
Already listening to the stethoscope can lead to the suspicion of a mitral valve defect, because the backflow of blood from the left ...
How long do I have to stay in hospital after a valve operation?
After a heart valve operation, you must expect a hospital stay of a total of 2 to 3 weeks; usually you have to spend one or two days ...
What complications can occur after heart valve surgery?
The correct function of an operated heart valve is usually checked during the operation, but in any case before discharge.
Heart valve surgery: How long will I be on sick leave?
If you were still working before the heart valve surgery, you must expect a sick leave of at least 6 to 8 weeks ....
What medications do I need to take after heart valve surgery?
Which medications you need to take after cardiac surgery depends on the nature of the heart valve disease and on the surgery performed ....
Does the ribcage have to be opened during aortic valve replacement surgery?
There are several ways to operate a diseased aortic valve without opening the entire sternum. Since...
What are typical complaints of a heart defect?
A heart defect in a child can ultimately only determine a cardiological examination. The symptoms also depend on the nature of the ...
What is an open foramen ovale?
An open foramen ovale is an opening between the right and left heart. More precisely, between the two atria. A kind of window, through ...
Heart defect: How is a bicuspid aortic valve treated?
In a bicuspid aortic valve, there are not three heart valve leaflets, only two. It is a congenital disorder of the ...
When taking Marcumar please avoid vitamin K-containing foods
If you are taking Marcumar® or another anticoagulant from the group called phenprocoumones (such as Falithrom® or Phenprogamma®) ...
Effect of antihypertensive Carmen may take a few days to come
Carmen® is a preparation containing the active substance lercanidipine, a medicine from the group of calcium antagonists. The drug is primarily ...
Never take Nitro with Viagra
If you have heart or heart failure medication with the active ingredient glyceryl trinitrate (Nitro®, Deponit®, Corangin®, Nitrolingual®, etc.) ...
Do not expose Metohexal without authorization or change dosage!
If you are taking a medicine containing metoprolol, you should not take it without consulting your doctor or pharmacist.
Bisoprolol and other beta-blockers can lead to potency disorders
Beta-blockers are often prescribed for high blood pressure or coronary heart disease. They have been proven for many years and in most ...
What is an ST depression or ST segment depression?
An ST depression is an abnormality in the ECG. It is a lowering of the so-called ST route. In the ECG curve, the ST segment is the ...
What is an incomplete right thigh block?
An incomplete right thigh block is a kind of arousal disorder in the heart. However, one that usually has no serious effects (in the ...
What does the doctor mean by sinus rhythm?
Sinus rhythm means that the heartbeat is controlled by the sinus node. This is the normal case and so far the finding is "sinus rhythm" ...
What does the ECG report VES mean?
VES is the abbreviation for ventricular extrasystoles. These are extra beats of the ventricle, so they occur outside the normal rhythm ....
What is a QRS complex in the ECG?
The QRS complexes are, more simply said, the ECG pips per heartbeat. So the high, regular rashes that appear in movies and ...
What does "limited LV function" mean?
A limited LV function means that the left heart, more specifically the left ventricle, no longer works one hundred percent. LV is ...
Heart Ultrasound: What are the abbreviations LA, RA, LV and RV?
The abbreviations LA, RA, LV and RV denote the two atria and the two ventricles. More precisely: LA = left atrium RA ...
What is Ejection Fraction (EF) in Cardiac Examination?
The ejection fraction indicates how much blood the ventricle pumps out with each stroke into the bloodstream. And in relation to the amount of blood that ...
Heart ultrasound: What does WBS or wall motion disorder mean?
After an ultrasound examination of the heart (echocardiography) one sometimes reads the abbreviation WBS in the doctor's letter. This is ...
What is a paradoxical septal movement?
The term "paradoxical septal movement" is sometimes encountered in the findings report after a cardiac examination. By this is meant that the ...
What is RIVA? And what is a RIVA stenosis?
RIVA stands for "Ramus interventricularis anterior". This is one of the coronary arteries. The RIVA artery pulls forward at the heart between left and ...
Herz: What are RCX, RCA, LCA, RPDL or RIVD?
Unfortunately, many physicians have a bad habit of using their foreign language words and incomprehensible shortcuts in their reports ...
What does stenosis mean?
A stenosis is a constriction. When examining the heart or when checking blood circulation, the term stenosis usually refers to a ...
What does main stem stenosis and protected main stem mean?
A major stenosis is a dangerous constriction of the main trunk of the left coronary artery (left coronary artery). Main trunk means that ...
What does lumen mean?
After a cardiac examination or even a vascular examination one reads in the doctor's letter sometimes the term "lumen". This is the cross section or ....
image Heart disease in the heat? Tips for tropics and sauna
Without contraindications speaks in thoroughly examined heart patients with stable disease nothing against a stay in the tropics or ...
image How much sport is good for the sick heart?
Asked by sports physician Univ.-Prof. Dr. Dr. Josef Niebauer from Salzburg Prof. Niebauer, which heart patients do you recommend sporty ...
image Arterial calcification: blood fats in the sights
High blood lipid levels, specifically LDL cholesterol, are among the most important risk factors for arteriosclerosis. The good news: Mostly leave ...
image Heart problems with 35: What is behind it?
During a bicycle tour, Andreas M. suddenly feels a painful pressure on his chest. His upper body feels like constricted. The...
image Lower blood pressure - with Bach and Heavy Metal
One study shows that classical music can obviously affect the cardiovascular system and lower blood pressure. Heavy metal can do that as well ....
What is a heart-lung machine?
During cardiac surgery, the heart usually can not beat. If the heart or blood vessels near the heart during the procedure ...
Can I work again after heart surgery?
Whether you can work again after a heart operation depends on the one hand on the procedure and the course afterwards, on the other hand on how it is the ...
What is the risk of dying from cardiac surgery?
The risk of dying from a heart operation depends on the one hand on the procedure itself, on the other hand, but also on the pre-existing conditions, which ...
What complications can occur during heart surgery?
During and after heart surgery, complications can occur that can occur with any surgery; these include nerve injuries and ...
Heart surgery: When does the ribcage have to be opened?
Heart surgery can either be performed via a normal incision over the sternum or through small incisions, ie minimally invasive ...
Hypertension - help without medication
Hypertension (arterial hypertension) is a dangerous condition in which the blood pressure of the arterial vascular system increases chronically ...
Cardiac arrhythmia - When the heart is out of rhythm
Cardiac arrhythmias are irregular sequences of heartbeats. While on the one hand light or occasional ...
Can I drive my car with a defibrillator?
Whether you are allowed to drive a car with your defibrillator depends on whether it was installed as a precautionary measure or after severe cardiac arrhythmia ...
Can I fly with my defibrillator?
In principle, itineraries are also possible with a defibrillator. It is important that you currently do not suffer from heart problems and with your ...
Is Cooking at the Induction Cooker with Defibrillator (ICD) Dangerous?
When ICD carriers come close to electrical devices, the question arises as to whether electromagnetic fields can cause interference with the ...
Why does my defibrillator (ICD) trigger incorrectly?
A defibrillator should protect against sudden cardiac death. Sometimes he intervenes without a dangerous arrhythmia ...
How is a pacemaker installed?
A pacemaker can usually be used with a small operation. General anesthesia is rarely necessary here, often enough ...
How to install a defibrillator (ICD)
When installing a defibrillator, a wire is advanced to the heart, as in a pacemaker implant. An end of the wire is in the ...
Pacemaker surgery: how long have I been on sick leave?
For pacemaker placement, if surgery is planned, you will usually be in the hospital for two to three days. Until everything heals, it takes ...
Defibrillator / ICD: How long have I been on sick leave after surgery?
All in all, this question is difficult to answer. The duration of the sick leave after an ICD implantation depends especially on the ...
Defibrillator and Pacemaker: What's the difference?
Pacemakers are used on slow beating hearts. Defibrillators, on the other hand, intervene when the electrical ...
How long does the battery of a pacemaker last?
When a battery is depleted depends on how much the pacemaker needs to work for you. As a rule, she holds 6 to 10 years, a ...
What types of pacemakers are there?
There are several types and functions of pacemakers. They take over the electrical stimulation, if own pacemaker ...
What is an ICD (Defibrillator)?
An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) is a small electric shock device designed to treat people suffering from heart disease ...
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