Cervical cancer: the main questions and answers

Uterine cancer is called uterine carcinoma in the medical Latin (uterus = uterus, carcinoma = malignant tumor). Depending on the localization, cervical cancer (cervical carcinoma) is differentiated from cervical cancer (carcinoma of the body). Since the tumor usually originates in the uterine lining, the uterine body cancer is also called endometrial carcinoma.

Although both types of cancer affect the same organ, they are different diseases. In uterine cancer, the median age at diagnosis is around 68 years. Cervical cancer, on the other hand, is most commonly diagnosed between the ages of 45 and 55, and progressively earlier, thanks to early detection. In addition, there is also the possibility of a preventive vaccine (against human papillomavirus, HPV, before the onset of sexual activity) in cervical carcinoma, in endometrial carcinoma, unfortunately, neither.

In the early stages, the rule is: danger recognized - danger averted

So you can protect yourself from cervical cancer to some degree by seeing the regular preventive appointments with the gynecologist. This leads u.a. a cervical smear, which is then screened for signs of cancer in the lab. Because in the early stages of cancer is usually true: danger recognized - danger banned.

Bleeding as a warning sign

In the case of uterine cancer, on the other hand, no early detection measures have been proven so far. But bleeding in any form after the menopause and in untypical form before it is a serious warning. Three quarters of endometrial carcinomas are detected at an early stage. The healing prospects are then quite good overall. 90% of affected women survive the first 5 years after diagnosis.

But even in advanced tumor stages, no one can predict with certainty how your individual cancer will evolve. After two tumor-free years, a relapse (recurrence) is generally no longer expected, however, throughout life with an increased risk of breast cancer.

Dysplasia consultation for high-quality diagnostics and consultation

On the professional quality of medical care, you should not only pay attention to the treatment, but before in the diagnosis. For example, the finding "PAPV" means that cancer cells have been found in the tissue swab. The diagnosis of cervical cancer - or, in the more favorable case, its exclusion - requires further investigation. Care should be taken as carefully and as gently as possible. There are specially qualified gynecologists working in so-called dysplasia consultations or dysplasia centers. Such specialized facilities can be found on the website of the Cervix Pathology and Colposcopy e.V. listed (www.dysplasiezentren.de).

Gynecological cancer centers specialize in treatment

The treatment depends on the extent and size of the tumor in both cancers. Also the age, the condition, the resilience and the personal needs are the basis for the therapeutic decision. The last word you have - as in all medical matters - is you. You also have the right to a second medical opinion. You should make use of it in view of the serious changes and burdens which the treatment can bring. Above all, the opportunity to look for the best possible care facility. Since uterine cancer is rarely an emergency, you have plenty of time to do so.

In a gynecological cancer center you are usually in the best hands. Here one is specialized in cancers of the female reproductive organs (gynecooncology) and can prove high quality standards. Such centers can be found on the Internet at www.oncomap.de.

Operational distance, if possible, comes first

Both cancers are primarily treated surgically by removing the uterus (hysterectomy). It may be necessary to have other adjacent structures, e.g. Ovaries, fallopian tubes and / or the connective tissue suspension, as well as a number of lymph nodes are removed. Irradiation may be used in addition if it is not certain that all cancerous tissue could be removed with the surgery. Sometimes irradiation is only possible when the surgical intervention is made from certain, e.g. health reasons, out of the question.

Chemotherapy is not as prominent in uterine cancer as other tumor treatments. However, it is routinely combined with radiotherapy for cervical carcinoma (chemoradiotherapy). In special cases orIn rare fibrous types of uterine cancer, this is also treated with chemo, possibly also combined with the irradiation.

Support your self-healing powers!

The cancer diagnosis is a bad news, which must first be digested. The question of "why me?" Is one of the first reflexes. It is only of limited value to follow her. It is more important to face this challenge as self-determined as possible and to take measures to improve one's own health. This includes knowing the potential risk factors (such as smoking, obesity) that may not only have benefited your cancer, but may also hinder the successful fight against it.

In any case, try to perceive yourself, your needs and your body signals wholeheartedly. Trust your mental intuition and stay true to your common sense. This also applies, and even more so if you go into medical treatment, whether traditional or alternative. Tumor removal, if possible, is undoubtedly an important aid to cancer. However, nothing and nobody can replace the self-healing powers in your organism and your own contribution to it.

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