Eye disorders and blurred vision: the key questions and answers

Eye diseases and blurred visionTo the dentist goes naturally for the prevention, but to the ophthalmologist? You should, if you do not already. Because the eyes need in contrast to the teeth, although no special care. As long as everything goes well you will not notice them (apart from occasional problems with glasses or contact lenses or short-term conjunctivitis). Seeing is for most people but the most important sensory perception. The restrictions or disabilities caused by eye diseases are accordingly unpleasant or dangerous. Especially when it comes to irreversible disorders or even blindness. In the vast majority of cases, these are avoidable or would have been - with early detection and treatment.

Regular eye control is recommended

The risk of eye disease with impending loss of vision increases with age. These are predominantly the cataract, the glaucoma and the age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Therefore, ophthalmologists recommend a regular eye check from the age of 40 years. On the one hand for the early detection of glaucoma (every 2-3 years), on the other to ensure visual functionality as a road user.

Dark-skinned people have an increased risk of glaucoma, and are advised to check it as early as 30 years of age. Regardless of age, this applies to people who are in first-degree relatives to a glaucoma patient.

More short-sighted (from 3 diopters) should have their eyes checked annually because of the increased risk of retinal detachment. From the age of 60, AMD screening is recommended to prevent creeping vision loss due to illness of the "reading center" (macula, the site of sharpest vision).

Wide distribution of defective vision

The spread of visual disturbances or the need for correction is enormous. According to statistics, half the population suffers from ametropia. This is due, among other factors, especially unfavorable anatomical conditions in the eye, such as an eyeball growing too long or too short, or a defective refractive power of the eye lens. The latter also decreases naturally with age, leading to the known age (far) sight. In the case of cataract, the lens even becomes cloudy and eventually forms a visual obstruction, which must be removed. Fortunately, this is quite possible today and usually takes place in exchange for an artificial lens. Incidentally, cataract surgery is considered the most common medical intervention in the world.

Cataract surgery: most common medical procedure

Which is not surprising when the estimates published by the Professional Association of Ophthalmologists are correct. According to this, half of the German population between the ages of 52 and 64 developed a clouding of the lens, mostly without noticing it. In the decade between 65 and 75 years, the rate is even more than 90% according to the medical profession. However, only in half of the cases is the impairment of vision perceived, above all thanks to the long-term adequate compensation mechanisms. But when they are exhausted, many questions arise for those affected. When is the best time for surgery? What risks and side effects do I have to expect? Are there alternative treatment options?

Glaucoma: second most common cause of blindness

In the case of green cataracts (glaucoma), early attention to the imminent visual problem is particularly important. This is not the lens, but the optic nerve affected. And that can not be easily exchanged. Once detected visual field defects are usually irreversible. The treatment options are therefore limited, but very helpful to counteract the progression of the disease. Suffering affects about 1% of the German population. It is the second most common cause of blindness in this country and worldwide.

How to prevent glaucoma What role does intraocular pressure play? When does an operation make sense? Does acupuncture help? Answers to these and other important questions about the Greens and the Gray Star can be found on this portal. We hope to be able to help you with this and will gladly answer further relevant questions. This also applies to other topics around healthy and sick eyes as well as the improvement of vision with visual aids and laser technology. The portal is still under construction, common diseases such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and the unfortunately not rare retinal damage in diabetes (diabetic retinopathy) will follow.

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