Treatment of hay fever

What nasal sprays are there for hay fever?

There are countless different nasal sprays for allergic rhinitis (hay fever), which can be roughly divided into three groups:

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How do nasal sprays with antihistamines work?

Antihistamines, as their name implies, suppress the effect of histamine. Unlike cromolyn sodium, which blocks the release of histamine from mast cells, antihistamines begin at the site of histamine receptors. So where histamine unfolds its effect (or would like to unfold).

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How do nasal sprays work with cromolyn sodium?

Cromoglycic acid (also: DNCG = disodium chromoglicicum) suppresses the allergic reaction by blocking the secretion of histamine. Histamine, on the other hand, is precisely the body's own messenger substance that is released from the so-called mast cells in the event of an allergic reaction. Cromoglicic acid prevents that.

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How long does it take for nasal sprays to develop their effects with cromolyn sodium?

This can take two to four weeks. The reason for this is due to the mechanism of action, which is based on a reduced release of histamine from the so-called mast cells.

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What to keep from cortisone nasal sprays for hay fever?

For particularly severe complaints of allergic rhinitis (hay fever), nasal sprays with cortisone are a viable alternative. They sometimes take a day to work (sometimes much longer), so they are not necessarily suitable for the acute control of symptoms. But then they are very reliable.

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Are there any pills for hay fever?

Yes. Most commonly used are so-called antihistamines. They prevent the messenger from attaching histamine to its tissue receptors and triggering the allergic reaction cascade there.

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Hay Fever: What is the Advantage of Nasal Sprays over Tablets?

Nasal sprays work faster than tablets. The nasal sprays commonly used in hay fever with a histamine blocker (medically: intranasal antihistamines) promote the drug much more quickly to the place of action than tablets, which must first bring the gastrointestinal passage behind.

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Can adverse reactions to nasal sprays with histamine blockers occur?

In some cases, "intranasal antihistamines" (typical medical jargon) cause a slight burning sensation in the nose.

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Do cold-nose sprays help with hay fever?

In the short term yes, long term no. Overall, you have to advise against cold sprays of colds (allergic rhinitis). Although the nose is released in the short term and you feel relieved. However, the cold sprays do not interfere with the allergic inflammatory process and therefore help in the shortest possible time. With prolonged use, they even hurt.

Read more: Do Cold-Nose Sprays Help With Hay Fever?